Category: Named Clone Database

Trichocereus hybrid ‘SAARLAND’ by Rolf Autenrieth

Trichocereus hybrid ‘SAARLAND’ by Rolf Autenrieth

The Trichocereus hybrid SAARLAND is a hybrid created by Rolf Autenrieth. It is a sister plant of the SAARTAL and SAARWELLEN.

Breeder: Rolf Autenrieth

Cross: Echinopsis pachanoi x Echinopsis obrepanda v. calorubra (also known as Pseudolobivia calorubra).

It is a beautiful hybrid with a pink to purple colored flower. The flower is not as wavy as the flower of the SAARWWELLEN, but it´s definitely a fine hybrid that shows traits of both parents. The spines rather follow the Echinopsis obrepanda, while the body shows some clear columnar tendencies.

 

The history of the PC Trichocereus clone – Predominant cultivar

The history of the PC Trichocereus clone – Predominant cultivar

I wanted to clarify some things about the PC Trichocereus clone. What it is, where it probably is from and what it isnt. The name is probably the most overused name in the history of Trichocereus culture. I personally hate it and spent days discussing the whole situation with friends or interested people in the Trichocereus Facebook group. If you hear the word PC in a Trichocereus group, JUST RUN. Log off, go outside and be in your garden. Still, if you actually wonder what those guys are actually talking about, I am happy to shed some light on this issue. Please keep in mind that I hate to use the name of this cultivar, strain or whatever you might want to call it and I will only mention this one time and one time only.

What does PC stands for? It originally means PREDOMINATE CULTIVAR. However, PREDOMINANT CULTIVAR would probably be more appropriate.

PC Trichocereus pachanoi

Photo: moonunitbotanica.com / PC Trichocereus in Australia

Forest & Kim Starr_070320-5800_Echinopsis_pachanoiPC Trichocereus in a garden. Photo: Forest & Kim Starr

Now what is it really and is this all BS?

It is a clone, but there also are other plants grown from seeds that are probably coming from the same site this clone is coming from too. In California and parts of the USA, this clone is really common around parks, schools or gardens. It is very similar to most other San pedros, but it originally comes from Bolivia. This plant was originally collected by Friedrich Ritter and described as Trichocereus riomizquensis.

Trichocereus Riomizquensis 335This is the original photo from Ritter´s book. Do you see the white hairs on the flower and the way the areoles look? Well, keep in mind. You will need it later. Ritters official collection name of this plant was Trichocereus riomizquensis FR856 and they originally comes from Chyllas.

The original site is the Rio Mizque and we and my friends from Sacred Succulents visited the original site a couple of times.  It is extremely similar to Trichocereus pachanoi, but differs in substantial points like the hairs on the flowers and the overall rib structure. Though it is common belief that the San Pedro cactus aka Trichocereus pachanoi grows in Bolivia, all the San Pedro related plants we ever came across IN THE WILD either belonged to Trichocereus bridgesii or Trichocereus scopulicola. That also applies to the regional type from the Rio Mizque. I have all kinds of photos of those plants on the pages about Trichocereus riomizquensis and I don´t want to repeat this information here again.
This is a long-spined version of this but there also are a lot of short-spined ones on that site. I seen them. Just like this PC, they have 6-7 ribs, those weird areoles and golden spines without swollen spine bases. Overall, they are just a short-spined version of Trichocereus bridgesii.

Let me just say that one thing that the Bolivian Trichocereus species have in common is their drought resistance. They literally live in a hot desert and are a lot more resistant to drought than Trichocereus pachanoi or some of the other Peruvian San Pedros. And that´s where I want to draw the line directly to this Californian clone. Clones & cultivars are not humbug or bullshit….cultivars exist in EVERY field of commercial cultivation and everyone who tells you different is a fool. One such cultivar is actually this Tr. riomizquensis that was originally described by Friedrich Ritter. Is is extremely drought resistant and manages to thrive in the Californian climate. That´s why this plant is literally everywhere there. We tested it numerous times…almost none of those Californian plants were able to mate with each other…simply because they were genetically identical and cuttings of each other. I seen whole nurseries filled up with them because they are so damn easy to grow. They just cut them in small pieces and stick them into the ground. And after five years, they sell it for 30-100 bucks. All those plants share the same flower characteristics and are closer to Trichocereus bridgesii than they are to Trichocereus pachanoi. They are covered with white hairs, which is absolutely typical for Trichocereus bridgesii. I know a Bolivian Trichocereus species when I see one…and this PC is one without a doubt.

The flowers of the PC:

PC Flower_7

Do you see all those white hairs? Good, because it´s important to differentiate between certain Trichocereus species. Trichocereus pachanoi tends to have black or brown hairs, while this PC has white hairs. And that´s typical for the Bolivian San Pedro strains.

pcPachBudDSC_0462Those two photos are from Misplant.net! Check out their seeds because they are amazing.
Well, just compare the photos and see for yourself. The top photo is the flower bud of this PC Trichocereus and the lower one is a bud on a Trichocereus scopulicola. They are at different stages in their development, but I am sure you see the similarity in the important parts. And the same applies to the flower on Trichocereus bridgesii, which is another Bolivian Trichocereus.
Scopulicola5a

Scop from Misplant.net

Alright, now that we have this out of the way let me just say that the whole internet started having shitty discussions about the PC and what not. Most of the times, those guys just pick out one of the charasteristics of those plants and call  everything that resembles this Californian strain a PC…which is a really bad generalization. Imagine you were a botanist and field explorer that collected seeds in Bolivia. Now you find a cool regionality that produced a whole lot of seeds. Friedrich Ritter was this guy and collected so many seeds that he could populate the whole world with them…which he probably did. He sold his seeds through his Winter Samenlisten (which were written in three languages) and shipped them everywhere. Like literally. People grew them, raised those plants and planted them in their gardens. Some in California, some in Australia and some in other places of the world. That PC clone from California and the rest of the USA is probably just one cutting that was grown from those seeds. All the plants cloned from this one plant are genetically identical. But that doesn´t mean there can´t be more plants grown from the same seeds…which in fact are genetically diverse. You know, this whole site at the Rio Mizque is pretty big and as far as I know, Ritter collected loads of fruits. These days, most labels are lost but what´s left are the plants. And they are usually slapped with a short PC comment in the Facebook groups, though that is only a tiny piece of the puzzle.

And just to make sure this posting here is not misinterpreted. Are all the plants called PC the same? NO, absolutely not. Many people throw this word around and have absolutely no idea what they are talking about. Just one example. Here is a Bolivian San Pedro. As those are also related to Trichocereus bridgesii, they have a similar rib structure. Imagine them with long golden spines and you are good to go.

Trichocereus riomizquensis

Tr. aff pachanoi in Boliva

San Pedro in Boliva

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi in Boliva

Well, okay. I want to come to and end but it´s important to make a very good point. YES, there are many San Pedros that are extremely similar to this clone. Not all of them are the same and I am sure there´s a fair amount that has absolutely nothing to do with this PC. But there IS a common clone in the USA (apart from the many other cultivars that are there, such as the three or four types of cereus monstrosa or all the other mutants that are currently flooding ebay. Nurseries are in the money business and they will replicate everything they can sell. And those Bolivian Trichos (and I count that PC in as well) are TAH (Tough as hell). You literally stick them in the ground and they grow. And that played a part in the fact that this PC Trichocereus strain is so common in some parts of the USA.

Alright, I want to sum this up. Everyone is a bit in the right here. The way this plant is discussed recently is out of control. And some people tend to forget that there is a huge number of plants that are really similar to this PC…and they are coming from the habitats. In Peru, there are similar plants and I just posted the examples that you can find in Bolivia as well. But that doesn´t mean that those plants were just invented by cookoo internet theoreticians. They were collected, sold and commercially cultivated. This plant does probably NOT come from Backeberg, which is another theory that was discussed heavily.

Fed vs UnfedThis is a nice Pic that shows the difference between Fed and Unfed PC Trichocereus

PC Cutting flower_1

Trichocereus PC Flower

Trichocereus “Clone Two” (Aplantis)

Trichocereus “Clone Two” (Aplantis)

This Trichocereus clone  was brought back from Peru by Manuel Terra who collected in in 2013 in Huaraz. The plant originally stood beside a Ceviche Restaurant. The owner of this restaurant gifted a cutting to Mr. Terra, who then brought it back to Europe and propagated numerous cuttings.

This clone is available from Aplantis.net every now and then. It is a very fine and curvy clone that produces a beautiful growth. The plants are usually bright green, but with the tendency to become very glaucous and the spines are relatively small, sometimes completely absent. The areoles are larger and more hairy than the ones of Clone One and the skin also produces a much more glaucous growth at times.

Trichocereus pachanoi Clone Two

Trichocereus pachanoi Clone Two 2Trichocereus pachanoi Clone Two

Clone Two Trichocereus pachanoi Aplantis 7 2


Clone Two Trichocereus pachanoi Aplantis 3

Clone Two Trichocereus pachanoi Aplantis 4
Clone Two Trichocereus pachanoi Aplantis 5

Clone Two Trichocereus pachanoi Aplantis 7

If you enjoyed this article, check out some of our other database entries. For example, here´s some about Trichocereus macrogonus or Trichocereus pachanoi.

Also check out our amazing Echinopsis, Lobivia and Trichocereus group on Facebook

Trichocereus ‘Lupita’ Aplantis MT06


Trichocereus ‘Lupita’ Aplantis MT06

The Trichocereus clone Lupita was collected in Huaraz, Peru! The collection took place in 2013 and was assigned with the collection code MT06. The plant grew in front of a store whose owner´s name was Lupita. She gifted this beautiful Trichocereus clone to the person who imported it into the EU, from where it made the rounds to other growers all around the world. It is a really nice and interesting  strain from Peru.

Lupita Trichocereus pachanoiTrichocereus pachanoi LupitaLupita San pedro Trichocereus

Photos: www.aplantis.net 

Clone One (Trichocereus pachanoi – Aplantis)


Clone One (Trichocereus pachanoi – Aplantis)

Clone One is a Trichocereus pachanoi clone that was made available by the owner of the website Aplantis.net! The clone was collected in Cajabamba in Peru in 2013. Its main characteristics are the bright green epidermis color and the rather uniquely shaped V-notches. It has 6 – 7 ribs and very short spines. This San Pedro also reminds me of the Ecuadorian plants, which makes it a beautiful and rare plant.

At the original site, this plant was hacked down by the previous owner and dumped beside a road. In Peru, those plants are often used as natural fencing and it is very common for the plants to be removed and thrown away at some point. In this case, it was a real case of luck that made this clone available.

Aplantis sometimes offers Clone One in our Trichocereus Facebook group or through his website www.Aplantis.net. His prices are very affordable and it is one of the most typical and attractive Trichocereus pachanoi clones I know of. If you want to buy a cutting of this clone, you should message Aplantis through his website.

 

clone1-10Trichocereus pachanoi Clone One AplantisTrichocereus pachanoi Clone One Aplantis

On the following two photos you can see how the plants looked when Aplantis came across them.

clone-one-trichocereus-pachanoi-aplantisclone-one-trichocereus-pachanoi-aplantis-2

Trichocereus ‘Rosei 2’ Echinopsis


Trichocereus ‘Rosei 2’ Echinopsis

The Trichocereus peruvianus clones Rosei 1 & Rosei 2 are among the most interesting Trichocereus cultivars out there. Both are very glaucous with a dark blue skin. They have yellow or dark brown spines that often have black tips. The old spine growth looks very gray and the areoles are covered with very fine, white wool.

Trichocereus ‘Rosei 2’ was part of the legendary Australian Fields collection. Both Trichocereus rosei clones were brought to Australia by Harry Blossfeld, who was one of the first importers of cacti.  . Prier donated some pics of the original mother plant at Fields and I am extremely glad we have them on the site.

“Rosei 2” is certainly not a real species name and belongs into the context of Trichocereus peruvianus / Echinopsis peruviana. It is very similar to the dark blue Trichocereus peruvianus plants coming from Matucana and it´s possible that it was originally collected there. Either as seeds or as a live cutting. The spine color can be very variable and this clone is known to produce massive spines, which can be seen on some of the photos.

If you want to see more photos of Rosei 1 and Rosei 2, check out our Facebook Trichocereus group: https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus 

T. peruvianus 'Rosei 2' At Fields

T. peruvianus 'Rosei 2'

t peru roseii 2

T.peru Roseii2 flower

T.peru Roseii2_1

T.peru Roseii2_3

T.peru Roseii2_4

T.peru Roseii2_1

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone B”


Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone B”

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone B” is a mutant cultivar of Trichocereus pachanoi. There are two very common mutant cultivars of Trichocereus pachanoi. Sacred Succulents lists them as CLONE A and CLONE B. Please note that they are not the same as the two Trichocereus bridgesii  Monstrosa cultivars that are also listed under that name.

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone B” forms clumps of coral or brain-like cristate growth. Often offsets monstrose branches that mutate in a variety of interesting ways. (Sacred Succulents).

Both Clone A and Clone B are very similar and I would not be surprised if they are actually different incarnations of the same clone. That said, there definitely are differences between the plants that I inspected.

 

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa "Clone B" Trichocereus Peruvianus Monstrosa Monstrose Cristate 4076aaTrichocereus pachanoi monstrosa "Clone B" Trichocereus Peruvianus Monstrosa Monstrose Cristate  080aa

 

Trichocereus Peruvianus Monstrosa Monstrose Cristate 73aaTrichocereus Peruvianus Monstrosa Monstrose Cristate 99aaTrichocereus Peruvianus Monstrosa Monstrose Cristate  5

 

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone A”


Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone A”

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa “Clone A” is a mutant cultivar of Trichocereus pachanoi. There are two very common mutant cultivars of Trichocereus pachanoi. Sacred Succulents lists them as CLONE A and CLONE B. Please note that they are not the same as the two Trichocereus bridgesii  Monstrosa cultivars that are also listed under that name. Trichocereus pachanoi “Clone A” is sometimes called Molten Wax Pachanoi or Melted Wax Pachanoi too. It forms thick fans of cristate growth and occasionally reverts to normal growth or monstrose colums that look very much like molten wax. It is said that no two plants are the same and it can be greatly variable.

Both Clone A and Clone B are extremely similar and I have doubts both are actually two different strains, and not just different manifestations of the same clone.

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa "Clone A"

Trichocereus pachanoi monstrosa "Clone A"

Gnosis Garden Clone (Trichocereus cuzcoensis) Update


Gnosis Garden Clone (Trichocereus cuzcoensis)

Floyd from Magical Botanicals grew this from seed imported from Gnostic Garden. He brought about 24 of these seedlings to one of the early Australian conferences [Ethnobotanica 1 or 2 in 2001/2002] and sold them there. SAB bought a few and conference participants snapped up the rest. As well as these 24 plants, he also supplied an unknown number to a shop called Medicine Garden. All of these plants were sold as ‘Gnosis’ – a name either Floyd or Torsten from SAB decided on at the conference. That means that technically, Gnosis is a strain or regional form of T. cuzcoensis, not a clone. Though there are many similarities to the importer GNOSTIC GARDEN, the name is indeed „Gnosis Garden Clone”, not “Gnostic Garden Clone” or “Gnosis”. SAB sold all of their propagating stock at one stage, so they had to go back to their single display plant for prop material. Therefore, for the last 10 years or more all gnosis originating from SAB is indeed a clone from a single plant.
GNOSTIC GARDEN delivered Gnosis to a large number of smaller shops, who imported it into Australia in the late 90s or 2000s. The Gnosis Garden Clone (though not originally a clone, but later on) became of the most common clones in Australia at that time. It is very likely that this strain probably originated from Knize, who is (BY FAR) the biggest source for different types from the Tr. cuzcoensis group  and it´s very likely that Gnostic Garden got their stock from Knize; either directly or indirectly through the hands of another retailer or wholesaler. The wide distribution makes this clone one of the most common strains in Australia. It has massive long spines with rounded spine bases and a typical Cuzcoensis appearance. Due to the fact that Knize has offered all kinds of types from the Cuzcoensis group over the past 50 years, it´s probably not possible to pin this clone down to a certain KK number.

The GNOSIS GARDEN CLONE (GNOSTIC GARDEN) was also sold by the SAB nursery and can be bought from them.

Gnosis Trichocereus Mutant

Pic: MUTANT


gnosis-conv3rge

Photo: Conv3rge (Plant from the SAB store)

Gnosis Garden CloneGnosis

 

Fields Validus (Trichocereus)


Fields Validus (Trichocereus validus)

This plant is one of the most popular and famed plants in the Australian Fields collection. This plant is a beautiful textbook specimen of the often-misunderstood species Trichocereus validus (Monviella).
It is still unknown from where Robert Fields sourced his plants, but I am positive we can add some more information soon. There were two different Validus plants growing at the (now defunct) Fields collection and I was lucky enough to get some photos of both plants by SAB member Terrapin! (Thanks again, mate! :-D)

If you want to learn more about the species Trichocerus validus, check out the page about it here: Trichocereus validus

 

Fields Validus Trichocereus Garden

 

Fields Validus SHED

Here is another plant that was growing at the Fields collection. Those photos came from Terrapin as well and I am happy to have them around:

Fields Validus Trichocereus ShedFields Validus 3 Terrapin GardenFields Validus 2 Terrapin Garden

 

Here are some photos showing the Fields Validus clones being grown by other Australian members;

 

Fields Validus Jordan 2
Photos: Jordan Calleija
Fields Validus Jordan

AppleMark

Trichocereus.com.au

Tr. validus Getafix 2
Member GETAFIXTr. validus Getafix 3

Trichocereus validus from Shed and Garden (Jon Nichols)

03_2015-10-10-16-42-03

garden-trichocereus-validus-fields-2garden-trichocereus-validus-fields

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