Category: Tutorials

Lophophora

Lophophora

I know that those plants actually don´t belong on a Trichocereus Website. But as most of our friends are heavily into Lophophora Growing, I decided to create a page that shows a couple of interesting Lophs.

The plants called Lophophora can be found throughout many collections all over the world.  Though the cacti have a bad reputation in the eyes of many serious growers, they absolutely don´t deserve that. They are beautiful plants that are among the most amazing cacti that we know today. I´ve been working on a couple other Lophophora projects. Well, first of all, I started the website lophophora.de, that was supposed to be German and English. However, I feel like it´s kinda distracting to have the two languages on a .de website. So I registered Lophophoras.com and will start an all-english website on that domain during the next years. Everyone who knows me, is probably aware of the fact that it might take me a couple of months until the website is all done and ready, so please give me a little time if you are interesting Lophophoras and want to see more pics and descriptions. I am ALWAYS looking for cool pics of Lophophoras and Trichocereus and if you want to donate some, please let me know and I´ll put you in my book of cool people. You can contact ne through our Lophophora Facebook Group or the Trichocereus Facebook Group.

But now, enough of me and let´s add a short description of these wonderful plants:

Lophophora Williamsii was originally described as Echinocactus williamsii. The man who described it was the very well known cactus grower and botanist Salm-Dyck. The genus Lophophora can be found in some, southern parts of the United States of America and Mexico. The name comes from the combination greek word LOPHOS, which means Crest and PHOROS, which means bearing or carrying.

Those plants are known as all kinds of indigenous names, like Peyote or Peyotl.

Some of the earlier names are Echinocactus williamsii, Ariocarpus Williamsii, Anhalonium williamsii or even Mammillaria Williamsii. You see that the genus Lophophora has a very interesting past and taxonomists were unsure where to put them. Their small flowers are somewhat similar to the ones on Mammillaria, though the thought of them being integrated into the genus Mammillaria seems rather strange.

Description: Lophophoras usually have a dark blue to gray colored epidermis and their body mostly consists of a large tap root that partially grows under the soil. They have 8 to 10 ribs, though most of them actually have eight. Compared to other cacti, they are very slow growers and that´s why most growers tend to graft them very early on, to get them to a bigger size fast. In the wild, a Lophophora can take up to 25-30 years to reach maturity. Now, grafted plants can start flowering after 2 years or even less, depending on how much fertilizer you pump into the plants. However, grafted specimens to have the typical tap root.

There are many different varieties and forms available on the open market and collectors & taxonomists are arguing about the number of species that exist. I personally think that the number of described species during the past 100 years was ridiculous and that many of the species that were described in the past should not stand, because it´s very normal to see great variety within the range of a species. A duck with a slightly different hair color is still a duck and not an elephant.

In the past, there were four species accepted by taxonomists: Lophophora Williamsii, Lophophora Diffusa, Lophophora Fricii and Lophophora Viridescens. Now, these days, most botanists only accept two species. Lophophora Williamsii and Lophophora Diffusa. But despite that, I will keep old names of species and varieties on my pages because it helps us to keep track of the plants that grew from a certain seed type or collection name. I also use the name Lophophora Jourdaniana, though I am fairly certain that it is some kind of commercial hybrid and not a real, botanical species. I will write a lot more about species, varieties and how to breed them on the lophophoras.com website. But since this is really close to Off-Topic on a Trichocereus website, I won’t include it here as well.

Where to buy Lophophora seed or plants? Well, there are quite a couple sources for Lophophora seeds and plants. Köhres is probably the first and foremost address to buy Lophs. They have some high-quality Loph seed from time to time. However, I also had some seed that was either unviable or had a lot of issues with fungal infections. I can only guess that they have so many plants, that they sometimes keep the berries on the plants for a very long time, what leads to them having a higher rate of fungal infections. But again, they are very friendly and if you get a bad batch of Loph seeds from them, they are usually very helpful and replace it. At least that´s what I heard about them. They probably have so many plants that they can´t really test the viability of every batch and because of that, there can be bad batches. It´s been a long time since I last tested their seed, but they had very good types and very bad ones. But again, it´s probably best to ask them about what seed is fresh and has the best viability. Apart from that, there sometimes are Lophs on Ebay. But those are actually labeled Ariocarpus or Anhalonium. I still remember the times when you could buy HUGE Lophs on eBay (some that were sold by Köhres) but those times are unfortunately over and most what you get are small plants of Lophophora Caespitosa, which is extremely common in some parts of the world. Please note that I am a European and the plants will most likely not be available on ebay US.

Lophophora Williamsii Cardona 2

Lophophora . Var. Cardona

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_netThis is an amazing Monstrose. Pic: Philocacti

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 185

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 167

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 106

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 48

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 020

Lophophora williamsii cristata monstrosa trichocereus_net 01

Lophophora williamsii trichocereus_net

Lophophora williamsii trichocereus_net 719

Lophophora williamsii trichocereus_net 91

Lophophora williamsii trichocereus_net 1

Lophophora Williamsii  234

Lophophora Williamsii  233

Lophophora Williamsii  32

Lophophora Williamsii  18

Lophophora Williamsii var. Texana

Lophophora Jourdaniana Graft 292

Lophophora Jourdaniana

Lophophora Jourdaniana Graft  294

Lophophora Jourdaniana Graft 293

Lophophora Texana 4

Lophophora Williamsii var. Texana Flower

Lophophora Texana

lophophora diffusa

Lophophora Diffusa

lophophora diffusa flower white

Trichocereus Lookalikes

Trichocereus Lookalikes

There are various columnar cacti that you can encounter. And though many look very much like Trichocereus on the first look, many of them actually aren´t. This page is about the many lookalikes that are available on the open market. Some of them are labeled “Trichocereus” and some of them aren´t. It includes many plants that were originally collected by seed collectors and field botanists who made a description without having seen the flowers. Because despite the fact that many columnar cacti can be very similar to Trichocereus in their looks, the flowers are what´s usually the biggest help to find out more about the origin of a plant.

Soehrensia

Soehrensias are very similar to Trichocereus. However, most of them stay small, have way too many ribs or a different flower. In addition to that, some of them (like Soehrensia formosa) are very broad and thick. Soehrensias were integrated into the genus Echinopsis, until DNA testing revealed that they are very different in regards to their genetic profile. Because of that, they are regarded a real genus again.

I have no idea which soehrensia this is but it´s definitely not a Trichocereus and Soehrensia comes closest.

HPIM2285

HPIM2283

GYMNANTHOCEREUS CHLOROCARUS

This genus is not really a genus anymore and those plants were moved into the genus Browningia. The current name of the species shown is Browningia chlorocarpa. Other former Gymnanthocerei are now called Browningia altissima (Gymnanthocereus altissimus), Browningia Pilleifera (Gymnanthocereus pilleifer). There always was taxonomic chaos surrounding those plants and very few pictures exist. The flowers are usually a lot smaller than the ones on Trichocereus and vary in many more aspects.

Origin: Huancabamba and Abra Porculla. Ritters collection Number was FR 290. This species was also called Seticereus Chlorocarpus. If you have pics of any former Gymnanthocereus species, please let me know because I´d love to have more of them on the site.

Gymnanthocereus Chlorocarus

Rauhocereus

This genus is extremely interesting and I am constantly looking for new pics or seeds of Rauhocereus species. The most popular one is Rauhocereus Riosanijiensis. There are´t many sources where you can buy seeds or plants. The breeder misplant sold a couple seedgrown Rauhocereus last year but I am not sure if he will get some more.

-Rauhocereus_riosaniensis Michael Wolf

Rauhocereus Riosaniensis – Picture: Michael Wolf

Peter A Mansfeld Rauhocereus_riosaniensis_pm

Rauhocereus Riosaniensis – Peter A. MansfeldBrowningia_riosaniensis_-_DaderotRauhocereus Riosanienjis Palmengarten Frankfurt – Daderot

I will also add pics and descriptions of Azureocereus. Erdisia, Weberbauerocereus, Coryocactus, Lobivias Echinopsis and many more. If you have pics of a plant that would fit on this page, please write me on the Trichocereus Facebook group. I will constantly update this page.

Tutorials: Toothpick Grafting

Hi Guys, have one of my manical phases today, so felt like posting some more help for people who have difficulties with grafting. This technique is pretty much hardcore and stockunfriendly but the stock usually takes it very well. As I already mentioned elsewhere, the pressure is THE Key to grafting. If you lose many graftings and don’t know why, it’s either because you don’t put enough pressure on the grafted plant or because you use dirty tools. For this technique you need a toothpick made from wood, some rubber bands, a razor blade and a knife. Everything works pretty much similar to normal grafting. Go get yourself a healthy and well watered stock and cut it AT THE TOP because small stumps don’t grow very well and the same principle applies for a grafted plant as well. Flatten the edges, use the razor blade to cut off the plant you want to graft, stick the toothpick through the grafting stock, take the rubber and use it to fixate the grafted plant on top of the grafting stock. Done.

post-1140-0-58067800-1337609829post-1140-0-22046100-1337610093TravelerTraveler

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