Tag: Chavin de Huantar

Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis descriptions

Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis descriptions

Trichocereus santaensis is columnar cactus and species described by Curt Backeberg and Werner Rauh. It is endemic to the Santa Valley in Peru. There are many different forms that belong into the larger context of T. santaensis, e.g. Trichocereus sp. Chavin de Huantar also known as El Lanzon, Trichocereus huanucoensis, Trichocereus pallarensis and many others.

Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar Echinopsis Chavin Herbalists

Echinopsis santaensis Trichocereus santaensis Rio Santa Peru Valley

Origin of Trichocereus santaensis

Northern Peru, the valley around the Rio Santa, Puente, Bedoya, Huayanca

Can be kept apart from Trichocereus cuzcoensis by the absence of swollen spine bases. It also has a more frosted blue skin color, has fewer spines and shorter middle spines. Unlike Trichocereus peruvianus, it grows always columnar and does not grow prostrate.

trichocereus santaensis Huntington Botanical Garden Echinopsis santaensis HBGTrichocereus Santaensis – Huntington Botanical Garden – by Richard Hipp!

Description of Trichocereus santaensis Rauh & backb g -. Descr. Cact. Nov. 20, 1956

Trichocereus santaensis can get up to five meters high and branches from the bottom. The stems are blue-green to a glaucous green. It has 7-9 ribs that are similarly broad than the ones on Trichocereus knuthianus aka Echinopsis knuthiana. There is a distinct furrow above the areoles. This distinct V-Notch is very strong in young pups. The areoles have a diameter of approximately 1 centimeter and Trichocereus santaensis has between 1-3 radial spines. Spines medium long to short. In addition, Trichocereus santaensis has one very long middle spine, which is up to 5 centimeters long.

Flower: The flower is white and gets up to 22 centimeters in length. It has a similar flower than other San Pedro types, which is another indicator that Trichocereus santaensis is just a regional form of another species, e.g. T. pachanoi or T. peruvianus.

Origin/Habitat: Rio Santa, Puente, Huayacana, Bedoya.

Trichocereus santaensis is very similar to Trichocereus cuzcoensis and is constantly confused with it. However, it does NOT have rounded, knobby spine basesBesides, the spination is less strong and grows always columnar instead of creeping. Today, the species would probably not be considered to be correct and extensive DNA testing is necessary to look into the limits of this species and where other species begin.

Please note that T. santaensis is very variable due to the high number of regional forms. Some of which have red spines, some with yellow spines and some where the spines are completely absent.

trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Rio Santa

 

In the Chapter of Trichocereus peruvianus, Backeberg wrote about its growth type:

I even found the Type initially growing erect, then lying or hanging . But near Matucana (Sic!), there also are upright growing varities of Trichocereus santaensis, which probably weren´t recognized as a seperate species.
The identification of these species with Tr. macrogonus (KKDE., 20, 1941) i cannot agree with. 
However, I definitely think that some of the more spiny forms of T. santaensis could´ve been the lost T. macrogonus. Some of them are extremely spiny.
 trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis backeberg Echinopsis cactus
This is Backebergs Key for Trichocereus santaensis
Branches to 10 cm
Blue green shoots
Ribs 7, very broad, strongly furrowed,
Not flattened furrows
Spines gray-brown, brighter towards the base
Middle spines:
1 spine is longer, spines up to 4 cm long

Friedrich Ritter´s description of Trichocereus santaensis

Trichocereus SANTAENSIS RAUH & BACKBG. 1956 RAUH: BEITRÄGE PERUANISCHER KAKTEENVEGETATION
1958, s. 361
Differences from TR. Pachanoi (data for the latter in parentheses):
Body gray-green (grass green to bluish green). Ri. 6-7, usually 6 (5-8, in
Peru medium to 10 and even higher), on the Areoles a slight v-shaped
Notch (little cross notch). Ar. 3-5 mm Dm
Spines: few or absent,Rsp. to 3, a few mm to 3 cm long,
Middle Spines. usually one, often it is the only Spine, a few mm to 4 cm long.
Flower. Near the apex, about 18-19 cm long, about 12 cm wide open (up to 20 cm wide between the
outer petals), obliquely upward (about protruding horizontally), just
(with two slight curves). Nectar Chamber 19 mm long (slightly longer), without
significant gap (small space), with little or no
Nectar (with some nectar). Tube about ca 6 cm long with 2.5 cm further
Opening (longer and wider). Petals slightly shorter and narrower, the outer
almost adjacent to the interior Ones (strongly bent outwards),
SANTA Valley at 2000 m and about Depart. Ancash; only here. No. FR 567a.
Fig. 1,188,


Trichocereus santaensis Friedrich Ritter Echinopsis santaensis

Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis at the Rio Santa (Riley Flatten)

Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Rio Santa Riley FlattenTrichocereus santaensis Rio Santa Santa Valley Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten

Echinopsis santaensis Trichocereus santaensis Rio Santa Riley Flatten

Photos below Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis in Chavin de Huantar, El Lanzon (Riley Flatten)

Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley FlattenPhoto Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 2Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 3Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 4Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenPhoto Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenPhotos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 22Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 4El Lanzon Photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 5Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de HuantarTrichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 2Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 3Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 4Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 5

 

Trichocereus sp. SAN MARCOS – Some more photos

Trichocereus sp. SAN MARCOS – Some more photos

Here are some photos showing the Trichocereus sp. SAN MARCOS, which belongs into the wider context of Trichocereus santaensis. These plants are also closely related to the plants known as Trichocereus huanucoensis and Chavin de Huantar. They look very similar to Trichocereus cuzcoensis, but actually don´t belong to that species. The spines are extremely long, the rib count is variable and the flowers are similar to the flowers of Trichocereus bridgesii. The white hairs on the flowers are very unique in the sense that most Peruvian San Pedros have brown flower hairs, while the Bolivian species like Trichocereus bridgesii and Trichocereus scopulicola are known to be covered with white hairs. This is particularly interesting because Trichocereus santaensis is often mislabeled as Trichocereus bridgesii and both can be extremely similar. I would love to see some cladistic studies comparing Trichocereus santaensis and Trichocereus bridgesii to investigate this some more.

Well yeah, Trichocereus sp. SAN MARCOS is the type of plant that is sometimes misidentified as Trichocereus cuzcoensis, especially when dealing with young plants. As seedlings, these plants look very much like Trichocereus cuzcoensis and it takes a lot of experience to recognize them.

Once again, many thanks to my friends from Chavin for providing some new photos. I am proud that I can share these wonderful plants with you.

Trichocereus sp. San Marcos

Trichocereus huanucoensis (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus huanucoensis (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus huanucoensis goes back to a nursery owner called Harry Johnson senior, who brought this plant into the USA in the 1950s. Unlike popular belief, Trichocereus huanucoensis is NOT an official species. There is no official description and very little information about the plant. According to Herbarium pieces, its place of origin is Huanuco. It is a beautiful town directly beside Chavin de Huantar and the plants that can be found there are Trichocereus santaensis and intermediate forms between Trichocereus santaensis and Trichocereus pachanoi. The same applies to Trichocereus huanucoensis too. It is fairly typical of Backeberg´s species Trichocereus santaensis and the place of origin underlines that. If you want to see similar plants, check out the posting about Chavin de Huantar.

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant

Trichocereus huanucoensis has very wide ribs, which give it a similar look to Trichocereus santaensis and Trichocereus bridgesii. The original site where Johnson collected his seeds is unknown, but the plants grown from them are common to be found in some parts of the USA. In California, quite a few larger plants were planted outside. Apart from its occurrence in cactus nurseries and collected in the USA, it is very rare in Europe. This underlines the suspicion that Mr. Johnson was indeed the source and distributed this plant among his friends and customers.

Trichocereus huanucoensis tends to be extremely fat and has a very bloated look. Its spine length is extremely variable and the specimens can have no spines or long spines but it usually has very few spines per areole. The spines are usually golden, but lack a swollen spine base. This is a key similarity to the plants from Chavin de Huantar as well.

Though the obvious lack of a description, it is a very attractive plant that deserves to be propagated. It is commercially available from Sacred Succulents or Misplant but it is still a rare plant.

One specimen of Trichocereus huanucoensis is also growing in the Huntington Botanical Garden in California. The specimen that Sacred Succulents use for their Huanucoensis crosses was originally from Ed Gay, who was a close friend of Johnson & Huntington. Some people tend to believe that Trichocereus huanucoensis is a Bridgesii relative, but the flower morphology pretty much rules that out right away. Its flowers and flower buds are typical for a Peruvian San Pedro, especially T. santaensis.

There is a variety of this plant on the market labeled H80361, which probably originated from Johnson also. There might have been the chance to find out more about the origin of the plant in the Huntington Botanical Garden but unfortunately, they do not have any info on where some of their older plants came from. At some point, their ID cards were stolen or lost, what makes it more difficult to find more information on the plant´s origin other than that it came from Huanuco.

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 9

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 8

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 9 7

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 6

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 4

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 3

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 2

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 11

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 12

Copyright: Misplant.net

Trichocereus huanucoensis cutting

 

Trichocereus Aff. Huanucoensis – Trout

Trichocereus huanucoensis

Trichocereus huanucoensis 4

Trichocereus huanucoensis buy

Trichocereus aff. huanucoensis

Huanocoensis var. Stillman

Trichocereus huanucoensis seeds

Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar

Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar

Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar

Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar

 

Chavín de Huántar: Trichocereus santaensis & El Lanzon

Chavín de Huántar: Trichocereus santaensis & El Lanzon

Chavín de Huántar is an archaeological site in Peru with a long history of Trichocereus cultivation. There are plants that can be found within the ruins and those plants probably go back for many thousands of years. The ruins are thought to be from 1200BC and the age of this complex is energetically discussed among archaeologists.

This legendary place is located in the Ancash area and holds great religious as well as historic significance, which is why the center was in the midst of the Chavin culture. It is located near the important Peruvian city Lima and lies at the confluence of two large rivers: The Rio Mosnar and the Huanchecsa river. The Trichocereus strains from this area have a huge botanic variability and the area is home to a large number of different plants and Trichocereus species.

Chavín_de_Huántar Sharon odbPhoto: Sharon ODB

Peru Map Trichocereus Chavin Santa Valley santaensisMap: Urutseg

Photos from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips. Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com. 

Trichocereus sp, Chavindehuantar, Ancash, Peru 

The regional form known from this area is probably somewhere between Trichocereus cuzcoensis and Trichocereus peruvianus. We saw plants that clearly belonged into the Trichocereus santaensis group as well as other weird plants…some of which even look like Trichocereus huanucoensis.

 

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru  2

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3 Echinopsis santaensis

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

Another great Specimen from the Ancash Region in Peru.

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 1

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 1

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 2

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru Tillandsia Echinopsis santaensis

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 1

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 2

El Lanzon Trichocereus :

This legendary photo is made by Aplantis.net:

Trichocereus El Lanzon Echinopsis santaensis Trichocereus santaensis peruvianus

Photo: Aplantis.net

This plant has a great history and most people who visit the area can´t go by without taking loads of photos. It´s one of my most favorite plants.

Trichocereus chavin de huantar Peru El Lanzon

Those plants were posted by ChavinHerbalist. They are trying to preserve the genetics and posted some amazing photos on Facebook. Check them out!

AD002 Chavin Herbalist Trichocereus peruvianus Echinopsis

Trichocereus Chavin Seedling cactus Trichocereus santaensis

Photos below Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis in Chavin de Huantar, El Lanzon (Riley Flatten)

Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley FlattenPhoto Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 2Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 3Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 4Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenPhoto Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenPhotos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 22Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 4El Lanzon Photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley FlattenCactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 5Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de HuantarTrichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 2Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 3Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 4Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 5

 

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