Tag: Eileen

Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Trichocereus bridgesii (SD.) Britton & Rose – The Cactaceae, now called Echinopsis lageniformis because the name Echinopsis bridgesii was already taken.

C.F. Förster – H.Friedrich & GD Rowley 1974

CITES: Appendix II.

Origin of Trichocereus bridgesii:

Trichocereus bridgesii, also known as Echinopsis lageniformis, grows throughout Bolivia (LA PAZ, Chochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija. There are many close relatives, such as Trichocereus riomizquensis, Trichocereus crassicostatus, Trichocereus scopulicola and the populations from Isla Del Sol.

Synonyms of T. bridgesii:

Cereus lageniformis, cereus bridgesii, trichocereus crassicostatus, Cereus bridgesii var. longispinus, Cereus bridgesii brevispinus, Cereus lasiacanthus, Trichocereus boliviensis, Trichocereus riomizquensis (some of them),  and many more.

Some of the Varieties or commercial types on the market:

KK919 Trichocereus bridgesii, KK920 Trichocereus bridgesii, Trichocereus bridgesii Cristata, TBM type A, TBM type B, Lumberjack, Eileen, Jeans, Psycho0, TBM,  Penis Plant, Penis Cactus, Frauenglück or Frauenglueck, Trichocereus bridgesii var. Inermis, Eileen,and many more

Trichocereus bridgesii has been renamed to Echinopsis lageniformis by Friedrich and Rowley during their 1974 merger of the genus Echinopsis. The name Echinopsis bridgesii was already taken by a clumping Echinopsis species from Bolivia, which is a totally different plant and should not be confused with Trichocereus bridgesii.

Trichocereus bridgesii is also called the Bolivian Torch or Achuma and is a very fast growing columnar cactus from the high deserts of Bolivia. It its extremely drought tolerant and withstands colder temperatures than some other Trichocereus species. If you are new to cacti but want to grow one of the San Pedro type cacti, Trichocereus bridgesii is a perfect plant for you.

Description of T.bridgesii

Healthy plants of Echinopsis lageniformis  Trichocereus bridgesii have a light green epidermis and between four to eight ribs. The spines can range in coloration from honey-colored to brown, and are located at the nodes in groups of up to four.

It grows similar to a tree and reaches a size of up to 5 meters. The Species is not as glaucous as Trichocereus peruvianus and Trichocereus pachanoi and has a light green epidermis.

Trichocereus bridgesii reaches up to 15 centimeters in diameter and large specimens are often confused with Trichocereus peruvianus. The fact that very thick specimens can look a lot like Trichocereus peruvianus is a reason that there are many misidentified specimens on the market. Some sellers even label them “SAN PEDRO”, “PERUVIAN TORCH” or simply Trichocereus peruvianus / Trichocereus pachanoi, because they usually are more expensive as Trichocereus bridgesii.

It has 4-8 Ribs and the Areoles are about 2 centimeters distanced of each other. Four-ribbed plants are sometimes called “Trichocereus of the four Winds”, though it´s actually a lot more common for this species to grow or lose a rib than you would think. Besides, that four winds stuff is oftenly used as a marketing gimmick, though the plants grow and lose ribs all the time.
A Trichocereus that grows a rib looks very much like it would put out some monstrose growth, but on the long term you see that it´s just ribs.

But yeah, the larger they get the more ribs they can have. Trichocereus bridgesii has very broad furrows. The plant can reach up to 3-5 meters.

Spines of Echinopsis lageniformis / T.bridgesii:

4-6 needle-like, yellow Spines. Some of them are very uneven and vary greatly in length and appearance. Some large plants even lose their spines completely. This is something that we encountered a couple of times on larger plants and spineless Bridgesii´s look very much large hybrids between Trichocereus peruvianus and Trichocereus bridgesii.

Flower of Tr.bridgesii :

The flowers of Trichocereus bridgesii are white and up to 20 centimeters long and 10 centimeters in diameter. Trichocereus bridgesii is a night flowering species and its fruits are usually up to 5 centimeters long. It had white petals and small scales and hairs on the rest of the flower.

Type locality:

Bolivia, La Paz

Trichocereus bridgesii as Grafting Stock:

Trichocereus bridgesii is an excellent grafting stock and is used extensively for that. Though it´s a great stock, it´s not as accepting as Trichocereus spachianus or a cereus. Nonetheless, it´s a strong and vigorously growing stock that will produce large scions very fast.

Regional forms of T. bridgesii:

The fact that most regional forms look very similar makes it very hard to differentiate between them. There are many known clones available, but Trichocereus bridgesii isnt just as variable as the Peruvian species.

The monstrose form of Echinopsis lageniformis/Trichocereus bridgesii is called PENIS PLANT or TBM, sometimes also called Trichocereus bridgesii Inermis. Contrary to the typical columnar growth habit of the species, the TBM cultivar displays short stem segments that branch forming a small bush. The upper part of each stem section is smooth and spineless, resembling a certain male body part. The lower part shows a tendency to form ribs and is spiny. The plant is light green in color.

Cultivation of Trichocereus bridgesii

This species is one of the strongest growers in the genus Trichocereus or Echinopsis. It´s VERY drought resistant and less problematic than other Trichos. Especially if you grow them from seed, because no matter what else you grow, they will be the ones to survive the longest if you suddenly “forget” to water them for a month or so. The come from Bolivia and live off very little water but also manage to compensate strong rainfalls and are rarely affected by fungal infections or mold. It´s a very thankful plant to grow, especially when you have the luck to plant them outside.

So, cultivation is pretty easy. Don´t water them when it´s cold. It´s the same treatment that you would give any other Trichocereus. Only water them during the hot growth season in summer. If they are in full growth and the temperatures are high, they like to be watered on a weekly basis, but it depends on how fast the soil dries up.

Hold back the humus

They don´t like soils that contains too much humus and i´d recommend to grow them in a purely mineral soil mix, with pumice, coarse river sand and maybe a very little bit of standard cactus soil to make sure that they are able to take in the nutrients. Generally speaking, Trichocereus bridgesii is the  archetype of a cactus that thrives on poor soils. I would not recommend to put them in full sun for the whole day but they can take much more sun that other Trichos that come from more tropical climates.

Winter treatment & frost tolerance:

Trichocereus bridgesii is able to tolerate mild frost. The minimum temperature should now go below -5° Celsius though.  Trichocereus bridgesii usually has no problems to compensate light night frosts but the average minimum temperature should not be lower than 10° Celsius! That is around 50° Fahrenheit. One important factor in frost resistance is the humidity of a soil! Plants should be totally dry in winter to make it easier for them to deal with frost. That´s why growers in Europe and other countries with strong frost have to take em inside in winter. The moisture is more dangerous than the cold, though there is a temperature that will kill all cacti no matter how dry they are. Cacti require a bright and well ventilated space with a temperature around 10° Celsius. Not only ensure it that the plants soil system does not rot, it also promotes flowering!

Cultivation from seed:

Trichocereus bridgesii is very easy to grow from seed. The seeds remain their viability for 5-10 years and some even longer. The best germination rate can be expected within the first year though. The seeds require light to germinate and you only sprinkle them on top of the soil. As a germination medium, I would recommend a mix between sowing soil and coarse sharp sand. This reduces your chance of contamination and/or Algae/Moss production.

Moss and algae problems on Trichocereus

Moss and Algae are a real problem for cactus growers because they overgrow your seedlings and usually kill them. If you see green crap on your soil, that is exactly what I am talking about. The seeds only need very little water to germinate, so do not overwater them in the beginning. You can always add more water but you can never take back a bad overwatering because it usually washes the seeds away or will lead to rotten seeds and soil.

Germination temperature for E.lageniformis

Germination temperature for Trichocereus bridgesii or Echinopsis lageniformis is around 25°-30° Celsius. But be careful because small seedlings die very easily because of too much heat. Especially if you germinate in closed containers, temps can get quite high in there. The time needed for them to germinate is between 2-6 weeks. If nothing has germinated after that, it´s probably because a.) there wasn’t enough water to kick start the germination. In this case just add more water and wait some more. b.) the temperatures were not high enough. In this case, just increase the temps and continue to germinate. Or C.) The seed is dead.

Bad quality Trichocereus seeds

There are a couple black sheep in seed business who sell seed that´s between 10-20 years old and the viability is horrible. So if you did everything right and nothing germinated, it´s the seed. Seed quality on the market varies greatly and you never know what batch you will end up with. So if you had a batch batch, I´d recommend you to contact the seller and ask him about it. Stay friendly and polite and they will replace it because they are aware of the great differences in seed quality.

Propagation: 

Trichocereus bridgesii can be grown from seed pretty easily. But you can also take cuttings and re-root them. This way, you can multiply your plants dramatically and if you are trying to get a lot of plants, you can also try areole grafting. Trichocereus bridgesii is pretty tough and you can basically stick it in a dry medium like sand and it will probably grow. Just make sure to let the cuts dry out and give the wound enough fresh air until everything is calloused. I use bird sand for that purpose, which is the mineral soil mix that you get in pet stores for the birds to take their dump in. It contains anise and some other minerals that just prevent mold and infections and it is perfect for rooting plants in it.

USDA Zones Trichocereus bridgesii: 

10a, 10B and 11

Purposes: 

Can be used as grafting stock or just because its´an amazing cactus. Besides, Trichocereus bridgesii is used as natural fence to keep away animals and people.

Trichocereus Bridgesii TBM Clone

Trichocereus Bridgesii seedling flower

Trichocereus Bridgesii TBM commercial grow Prier

 

Trichocereus bridgesii var. longispinus_2

 

Trichocereus bidgesii Dawson_2

This is a Herbarium Sample of Trichocereus Bridgesii! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com:

Trichocereus bridgesii Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis lageniformis

 

 

Trichocereus_bridgesii TBM clone B

 

Peter A. Mansfeld – Trichocereus Bridgesii Monstrose B, Penis Plant

Trichocereus bridgesii Penis_Cactus codify from perth

Bild: Codify from Perth

Lumberjack Trichocereus bridgesii misplant Lumberjack7

Fat bridgesii “LUMBERJACK” from Misplant.net

Spineless Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii KK242_bridgesii_1

bridgesii melty crestMelty Crest – Pic by Mutant

Trichocereus bridgesii Possible Monstrose 016

Trichocereus Bridgesii Inermis Penis Plant 032

Trichocereus bridgesii Dawsons Ben

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 2

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 3

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 4

Black Rot on a Trichocereus bridgesii

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 5

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 6

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 8

Trichocereus bridgesii. Photo came labeled Trichocereus cuzcoensis.

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis aaa

Trichocereus bridgesii v.longispinus Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii KK919 Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia

 

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce

Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa / TBM

This One came labeled Trichocereus bridgesii v. inermis. In this case, “inermis”stands for “Spineless”.

Trichocereus bridgesii Bruce Australia Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Psycho0

Hybrid involving Trichocereus bridgesii (Rodni Kisar)

Spineless or short spine version of Trichocereus bridgesii

A short spine version of Trichocereus bridgesii (Rodni Kisar)
Trichocereus bridgesii Jeans Echinopsis lageniformis
Trichocereus bridgesii ‘Jeans’ (Gus Freeman)
Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis c2

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis 4

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis 3

Monstrose version of Trichocereus bridgesii (Philocacti)

T. bridgesii Bolivia Echinopsis lageniformis Trichocereus

Trichocereus bridgesii in Bolivia (Ben Kamm) 2

Trichocereus bridgesii in Bolivia (Ben Kamm)

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis RodA Trichocereus bridgesii cultivar
Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis
Trichocereus bridgesii (Simon Maddern)

Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis 2

Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis 4

Echinopsis bridgesii K. Trout

Echinopsis bridgesii K. Trout. Please note that this Bolivian Echinopsis species is not Trichocereus bridgesii. The Echinopsis name was already taken, which is why T.bridgesii is now called Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 6Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai MoonunitbotanicaTrichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 5Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 3

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 2

Trichocereus bridgesii KK919 Echinopsis lageniformis Flower

KK919 photo by Delia Kisar

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica

Moonunitbotanica.com

Psycho0 Trichocereus bridgesii Rod

Rodni Kisar

Below: T.bridgesii ‘Bruce’ aka E.lageniformis ‘Bruce (GOT and LHB)

 Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 4.jpgTrichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 3Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 2Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce

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Check out the other amazing articles on species like Trichocereus macrogonus or Trichocereus deserticolus.

 

 

Trichocereus hybrids (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus hybrids (Echinopsis)

There are all kinds of Trichocereus hybrids out there and I am happy to show you a couple of the resulting crosses on this page. I will try to update this page as often as I can, to show you what others grew from a certain cross.

Now let me add a little bit of background info to give you an understanding how this breeding works in case you are completely new to this. Almost all Trichocereus species are self-sterile. That means that you need pollen from another plant to produce seed. The pollen donor needs to be genetically different from the receiver. Because of that, it´s not possible to cross two different cuttings from the same mother plant. If you list the parents of a cross, it looks something like this:
Trichocereus peruvianus x Trichocereus bridgesii
That simply means that the Peruvianus is the mother plant, while Trichocereus bridgesii is the Father. In most cases, the resulting offspring comes closer to the mother than to the father. However, there are a lot of exceptions to this and sometimes, the genes of the father are simply more dominant.
You can cross a whole lot of Trichos with each other and most of the crosses will work, if you did it right. But there are some crosses that just genetically don´t match. For example, the seedlings produced by that cross end up being variegated/albinos or simply die. That´s actually very common and can happen all the time. It happens the most when crossing plants like Hildewintera hybrids. And that´s probably because there werent many plants in the gene pool to begin with.

Most Trichocereus species have a white flower and apart from the extremely rare Trichocereus tulhuayacensis, all San Pedros are flowering white. Because of that, this community is trying to breed some San Pedros with colored flowers. There already are a handful of hybrids involving Echinopsis pachanoi with colored flowers. One such Trichocereus hybrid is called SAARWELLEN and the other one is AMUN-RE. But both Trichocereus hybrids are extremely rare.

Now, have a look at some of the photos of Trichocereus hybrids

Trichocereus validus Hybrid

Terscheckii hybrid (1)

Terscheckii hybrid (2)

Terscheckii hybrid (3)

 

Trichocereus terscheckii x  Trichocereus bridgesii ‘Psycho0’

Terscheckii x Psycho San Pedro hybrids

Terscheckii x psycho (2)

 

Echinopsis terscheckii x Echinopsis pachanoi

Terscheckii x Pach (4)

Terscheckii x Pach (3)

Terscheckii x Pach (2)

Terscheckii x Pach (1)

 

 Trichocereus bridgesii ‘SS02’ x ‘Tom Juul´s Giant’

SS02 x Trichocereus bridgesii

SS02 x Bridgessi

SS02 x Bridgesii

 

Echinopsis peruviana ‘Sausage Plant’ x Trichocereus scopulicola

Sausage x Scop

Echinopsis peruviana ‘ROSEI 1’ x OPEN

 

 

Pachanoi x SS02

 

Echinopsis pachanoi x J3

Echinopsis scopulicola ‘Super Pedro’ x J3

Trichocereus scopulicola ‘Super Pedro’ x  Trichocereus bridgesii ‘HB02’

Fields  x Rosei #1

 

Trichocereus bridgesii ‘SS02’ x Sierra Canyon

Trichocereus bridgesii SS02 x Trichocereus chiloensis

 

Psycho0 x Scopulicola

Luther Burbank x SS02

Sierra Blue x SS02

 

Echinopsis macrogona x Echinopsis scopulicola

Psycho0 x J2

Psycho0 x Open ‘Vishnu’

 

 

Eileen – Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Eileen – Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Eileen is an Australian Trichocereus clone that belongs to Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis.

eileen

Eileen is one of the most popular Clones that were spread through the SAB Trading Forums and became very well known among Trichocereus – Growers Worldwide!

Eileen was originally distributed by the Member reshroomED and is a TRICHOCEREUS BRIDGESII  with rather short golden spines. Apart from that, it looks like a pretty typical Trichocereus Bridgesii but flowers very rarely for most australian Growers. Nonetheless, Flowers have already been reported and some People managed to actively breed with it. Unfortunately, ED passed away this year and we and the rest of the Trichocereus community will always keep him in our hearts.

Buy seeds or plants of Eileen: The Eileen clone is one of the rarest that are known in the australian Trichocereus community. Please note that though many of those clones are Australian clones, it is my goal to make them more known throughout the rest of the world. Whenever this plant turns up on platforms like Ebay, the prices are insane. I saw one auction going for 100+ dollars and I havent seen one of them ever since. There are very few breeders who actively breed with this plant, though I am not aware of giving some seeds or cuttings away right now. If I was looking for an Eileen Cutting or seeds, my first guess would be to ask at the SAB forum or our Trichocereus Facebook group . Every now and then, there are people who give away really rare cuttings or seeds.

How to recognize Eileen? The biggest help to ID the plant is the weird spination. It has very short spines for a Bridgesii, especially on older specimens. It has double-spination, what makes this clone easy to ID.

eileen2

t bridge eileen 1

eileen 3

t bridge eileen

Those pics show the original mother plant during a summer trim.

Trichocereus Eileen EDTrichocereus Eileen ED 10Trichocereus Eileen ED 9Trichocereus Eileen ED 8Trichocereus Eileen ED 7Trichocereus Eileen ED 6Trichocereus Eileen ED 5Trichocereus Eileen ED 3Trichocereus Eileen ED 2

 

And those are some pics that were coming from reshroomED himself. Some of those were shot to point out how variable the spines on this clone actually are. :

Eileen ED 2Eileen ED 1Eileen ED spine variation 7Eileen ED spine variation 6Eileen ED spine variation 5Eileen ED spine variation 4Eileen ED spine variation 3Eileen ED spine variation 2Eileen ED spine variation 1Eileen ED 5Eileen ED 4Eileen ED 3

 

Bruce – Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis

Bruce – Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis

BRUCE is a beautiful Trichocereus bridgesii aka Echinopsis lageniformis with very broad ribs and a funny spination. Just like many other, it is a Trichocereus hybrid of Australian origin. Because of the broad ribs, this plant tends to have relatively few ribs. Most plants I´ve seen had between 4 and 6 ribs. The mother plant goes back to the SAB member BLACKDRAGON, who had a giant monster of this amazing plant growing in his garden. He also managed to get it to flower and the flower was relatively typical for a Tr.bridgesii.

This clone is suspected to be somewhat related to the Tr. bridgesii clone EILEEN, that was growing in front of reshroomED´s house. Personally, I would not be surprised if both were grown from similar or the same seed lots. But that´s just speculation and I have yet to hear more detailed information on the background. The plant is also known to show a “melting” look from time to time, which indicates that this is (at least partially) mutated somehow. BRUCE comes from South Australia and is also very similar to the clone MBN95/ SUPER BRIDGE, which more or less lost as I do not know of anyone who has that  plant with an intact label.

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 2

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 4

BRUCE: COPYRIGHT: GOTEchinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 4

Where to buy cuttings or seeds of BRUCE (Trichocereus bridgesii)?

BRUCE is one of the rarer hybrids from Australia and I know of no breeder that is currently breeding with it. I know of various hybrids involving Bruce and it will take a few more years until we see the results of these Trichocereus bridgesii seeds.

If you enjoy our work with the database you might want to send in some photos to improve it. Also, feel free to join our Trichocereus Facebook group or follow us on Instagram.

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