Tag: Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus riomizquensis RITTER (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus riomizquensis RITTER (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus riomizquensis is a Bolivian Trichocereus species that is closely related to Trichocereus bridgesii. I count it as a close relative and potential regional form of Trichocereus bridgesii, which is only endemic to one site in Bolivia near the Rio Mizque.
The species was discovered and described by the German cactus field botanist Friedrich Ritter, who gave Chuyllas as the type locality and described it growing on steep slopes in the province Campero.

His Field Number was FR 856. Friedrich Ritter was one of the leading Cactus experts of his time and successfully ran a seed shop, in which he sold this species as seed to people all over the world. Trichocereus riomizquensis was also visited during the Sacred Succulents Fieldtrips and they found a couple of different types growing around that area.

In Ritter´s book, he published a photo of this species. Unfortunately this photo is not very good and it is one of the species that are rare in cultivation. Almost all labels on plants grown from Ritter´s seeds are lost, but the plant is definitely available. On the market, it sometimes shows up labeled as Trichocereus bridgesii, or probably also labeled as Trichocereus PC. Please note that there is a wide variety of plants from this site and the range is very big, ranging from spiny to completely spineless plants.

Ben Kamm published some photos of a Herbarium specimen that was very close to Trichocereus bridgesii as well.

Where to buy seeds and plants of Trichocereus riomizquensis?:

Though Trichocereus riomizquensis is common in cactus collection in the USA, it is usually mislabeled. Sacred Succulents were giving away seeds after their Field Trips and some plants might have gotten into the hands of collectors. They are also selling live plants grown from their collected seeds sometimes.

Description of Trichocereus riomizquensis:

This is partial description of Friedrich Ritter´s original description, including remarks on how to keep it apart from T. scopulicola.

Trichocereus riomizquensis is 6-8 centimeters thick (while Trichocereus scopulicola is 8-10 centimeters thick), it has 5-6 ribs, (T. scopulicola: 4-6), its flanks are 2 centimeters wide (Scopulicola 3-4 cm wide flanks), the flanks are less rounded than the ones on Tr. scopulicola. It has rounded areoles (while the ones on T. scopulicola are usually oval). The areoles have a very visible fluff with a diameter of 2-3 mm. The 1-5 spines are honey-colored and between 1-3 mm long. Sometimes they are even missing.
The flower of Trichocereus riomizquensis is 20 centimeters long (while the flowers of T. scopulicola are 16-20) and covered with dark brown/white wool with large scales. The fruit looks knobby.

Type locality: Chuyllas near the Rio Mizque, on very steep rock walls in the province Campero, Bolivia. Discovered from Ritter in 1958 – FR 856.

Trichocereus riomizquensis Ritter

Ritter´s original photo of his Trichocereus riomizquensis. It is possible that this plant is the same strain as the American PC clone, which gets very close to this plant´s phenotype.

Trichocereus PC clone Predominant cultivar

In comparison to Ritter´s plant, check out the PC Trichocereus clone above. (Forest and Kim Starr)

Trichocereus riomizquensis Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 copyright B

Trichocereus riomizquensis Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 232

This is one of the plants from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips:

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK10508Copyright Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

 

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK 10.08.7

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK 10.08.7

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia

Trichocereus riomizquensis is one of the most interesting species from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips because of its incredible range. Some plants look like the Trichocereus bridgesii-type plants with long spines from the Field Trips and some other ones look like the short spine versions that Friedrich Ritter´s description was about.

If you take a close look at the whole appearance of this plant, you can see that it has a similar areole shape to the areoles on the well known Trichocereus PC clone, also known as predominant cultivar or predominate cultivar.  The flower and the overall appearance are so similar that everything else would be extremely surprising. Despite the fact that there are some very spiny plants at this site, there are some other which get extremely close to Ritter´s original photo. Though this will probably never be proven, there´s definitely reasonable doubt that this PC clone is actually a Trichocereus pachanoi.

There is a lot variation within the populations the original site near the Rio Mizque. This population is one of the most interesting Trichocereus populations out there and DNA testing should absolutely be made to look into its relationship to Trichocereus bridgesii.

Where to buy seeds or cuttings of Trichocereus riomizquensis:

Well, Ben and Sacred Succulents would be my starting point if I were in the USA. They don´t ship plants internationally, but if you have the luck to be in the country you might be able to get some cuttings. Apart from this, I do not know any sources for this species. Most of Ritter´s old plants have lost their labels meanwhile, which makes getting one even harden. I am sure that some of them show up on online market places labeled as Trichocereus bridgesii every now and then.

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 1
Copyright: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 3

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis 5  BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis 6

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque

This photo here looks really unspectacular, but shows the area of the Rio Mizque. It is the place of origin of this rare species and most of the plants that can be found there are obviously Bridgesii related.

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque 2

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque 4

Trichocereus sp. ‘Isla del Sol’ (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus sp. ‘Isla del Sol’ (Echinopsis)

This population from the Bolivian island ‘Isla Del Sol’ belongs into the distant complex of Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis. However, it is currently discussed whether or not this plant is actually a different species and DNA testing is required to look into its status.  Sacred Succulents visited this population during their Field Trips and made some amazing photos. I also have some sick photos of it in my first book.

 

BK08601.1 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, Bolivia

Now, this is one of the most interesting Trichocereus species that were visited during the Sacred Succulents Field Trips! All the photos shown here are from Ben Kamm & Sacredsucculents.com! This was from the 2008 Field Trip and it is very similar to an intermediate between Trichocereus bridgesii and something from the Trichocereus cuzcoensis complex. Trichocereus cuzcoensis is mostly known for the plants in Cusco that were used to write the original description, but there are similar plants and relatives of Trichocereus cuzcoensis that can be found in other Peruvian states.

It also reminds me a little bit of Trichocereus knuthianus, which also belongs to the Cuzcoensis complex and has similar, massive areoles. Those plants are definitely very old…how they evolved exactly is not known.
Sacred Succulents gave away seed of this amazing species in 2008, but I do not know of anyone who raised some of them so far. If you happen to own this type, please let me know because it´s on my most-wanted list and I urgently need more pics of seed grown plants. The Isla Del Sol is an area that can be found in the southern part of the Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. It´s a wonderful area that is filled with ancient ruins and that screams “History”. I do not know if those plants were intentionally planted there or if they just evolved, but it´s definitely one of the coolest Trichocereus species out there.

Isla Del Sol in Bolivia

193 BK08601.1 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, BoliviaCopyright: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

192 BK08601

BK08601.2 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, Bolivia

This is another Plant from the same region. Judging by the looks of it, it grows very nearby. The Plant is somehow connected to the Trichocereus cuzcoensis Complex and is simply awesome!

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

195 BK08601

Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Trichocereus bridgesii (Echinopsis lageniformis)

Trichocereus bridgesii (SD.) Britton & Rose – The Cactaceae, now called Echinopsis lageniformis because the name Echinopsis bridgesii was already taken.

C.F. Förster – H.Friedrich & GD Rowley 1974

CITES: Appendix II.

Origin of Trichocereus bridgesii:

Trichocereus bridgesii, also known as Echinopsis lageniformis, grows throughout Bolivia (LA PAZ, Chochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija. There are many close relatives, such as Trichocereus riomizquensis, Trichocereus crassicostatus, Trichocereus scopulicola and the populations from Isla Del Sol.

Synonyms of T. bridgesii:

Cereus lageniformis, cereus bridgesii, trichocereus crassicostatus, Cereus bridgesii var. longispinus, Cereus bridgesii brevispinus, Cereus lasiacanthus, Trichocereus boliviensis, Trichocereus riomizquensis (some of them),  and many more.

Some of the Varieties or commercial types on the market:

KK919 Trichocereus bridgesii, KK920 Trichocereus bridgesii, Trichocereus bridgesii Cristata, TBM type A, TBM type B, Lumberjack, Eileen, Jeans, Psycho0, TBM,  Penis Plant, Penis Cactus, Frauenglück or Frauenglueck, Trichocereus bridgesii var. Inermis, Eileen,and many more

Trichocereus bridgesii has been renamed to Echinopsis lageniformis by Friedrich and Rowley during their 1974 merger of the genus Echinopsis. The name Echinopsis bridgesii was already taken by a clumping Echinopsis species from Bolivia, which is a totally different plant and should not be confused with Trichocereus bridgesii.

Trichocereus bridgesii is also called the Bolivian Torch or Achuma and is a very fast growing columnar cactus from the high deserts of Bolivia. It its extremely drought tolerant and withstands colder temperatures than some other Trichocereus species. If you are new to cacti but want to grow one of the San Pedro type cacti, Trichocereus bridgesii is a perfect plant for you.

Description of T.bridgesii

Healthy plants of Echinopsis lageniformis  Trichocereus bridgesii have a light green epidermis and between four to eight ribs. The spines can range in coloration from honey-colored to brown, and are located at the nodes in groups of up to four.

It grows similar to a tree and reaches a size of up to 5 meters. The Species is not as glaucous as Trichocereus peruvianus and Trichocereus pachanoi and has a light green epidermis.

Trichocereus bridgesii reaches up to 15 centimeters in diameter and large specimens are often confused with Trichocereus peruvianus. The fact that very thick specimens can look a lot like Trichocereus peruvianus is a reason that there are many misidentified specimens on the market. Some sellers even label them “SAN PEDRO”, “PERUVIAN TORCH” or simply Trichocereus peruvianus / Trichocereus pachanoi, because they usually are more expensive as Trichocereus bridgesii.

It has 4-8 Ribs and the Areoles are about 2 centimeters distanced of each other. Four-ribbed plants are sometimes called “Trichocereus of the four Winds”, though it´s actually a lot more common for this species to grow or lose a rib than you would think. Besides, that four winds stuff is oftenly used as a marketing gimmick, though the plants grow and lose ribs all the time.
A Trichocereus that grows a rib looks very much like it would put out some monstrose growth, but on the long term you see that it´s just ribs.

But yeah, the larger they get the more ribs they can have. Trichocereus bridgesii has very broad furrows. The plant can reach up to 3-5 meters.

Spines of Echinopsis lageniformis / T.bridgesii:

4-6 needle-like, yellow Spines. Some of them are very uneven and vary greatly in length and appearance. Some large plants even lose their spines completely. This is something that we encountered a couple of times on larger plants and spineless Bridgesii´s look very much large hybrids between Trichocereus peruvianus and Trichocereus bridgesii.

Flower of Tr.bridgesii :

The flowers of Trichocereus bridgesii are white and up to 20 centimeters long and 10 centimeters in diameter. Trichocereus bridgesii is a night flowering species and its fruits are usually up to 5 centimeters long. It had white petals and small scales and hairs on the rest of the flower.

Type locality:

Bolivia, La Paz

Trichocereus bridgesii as Grafting Stock:

Trichocereus bridgesii is an excellent grafting stock and is used extensively for that. Though it´s a great stock, it´s not as accepting as Trichocereus spachianus or a cereus. Nonetheless, it´s a strong and vigorously growing stock that will produce large scions very fast.

Regional forms of T. bridgesii:

The fact that most regional forms look very similar makes it very hard to differentiate between them. There are many known clones available, but Trichocereus bridgesii isnt just as variable as the Peruvian species.

The monstrose form of Echinopsis lageniformis/Trichocereus bridgesii is called PENIS PLANT or TBM, sometimes also called Trichocereus bridgesii Inermis. Contrary to the typical columnar growth habit of the species, the TBM cultivar displays short stem segments that branch forming a small bush. The upper part of each stem section is smooth and spineless, resembling a certain male body part. The lower part shows a tendency to form ribs and is spiny. The plant is light green in color.

Cultivation of Trichocereus bridgesii

This species is one of the strongest growers in the genus Trichocereus or Echinopsis. It´s VERY drought resistant and less problematic than other Trichos. Especially if you grow them from seed, because no matter what else you grow, they will be the ones to survive the longest if you suddenly “forget” to water them for a month or so. The come from Bolivia and live off very little water but also manage to compensate strong rainfalls and are rarely affected by fungal infections or mold. It´s a very thankful plant to grow, especially when you have the luck to plant them outside.

So, cultivation is pretty easy. Don´t water them when it´s cold. It´s the same treatment that you would give any other Trichocereus. Only water them during the hot growth season in summer. If they are in full growth and the temperatures are high, they like to be watered on a weekly basis, but it depends on how fast the soil dries up.

Hold back the humus

They don´t like soils that contains too much humus and i´d recommend to grow them in a purely mineral soil mix, with pumice, coarse river sand and maybe a very little bit of standard cactus soil to make sure that they are able to take in the nutrients. Generally speaking, Trichocereus bridgesii is the  archetype of a cactus that thrives on poor soils. I would not recommend to put them in full sun for the whole day but they can take much more sun that other Trichos that come from more tropical climates.

Winter treatment & frost tolerance:

Trichocereus bridgesii is able to tolerate mild frost. The minimum temperature should now go below -5° Celsius though.  Trichocereus bridgesii usually has no problems to compensate light night frosts but the average minimum temperature should not be lower than 10° Celsius! That is around 50° Fahrenheit. One important factor in frost resistance is the humidity of a soil! Plants should be totally dry in winter to make it easier for them to deal with frost. That´s why growers in Europe and other countries with strong frost have to take em inside in winter. The moisture is more dangerous than the cold, though there is a temperature that will kill all cacti no matter how dry they are. Cacti require a bright and well ventilated space with a temperature around 10° Celsius. Not only ensure it that the plants soil system does not rot, it also promotes flowering!

Cultivation from seed:

Trichocereus bridgesii is very easy to grow from seed. The seeds remain their viability for 5-10 years and some even longer. The best germination rate can be expected within the first year though. The seeds require light to germinate and you only sprinkle them on top of the soil. As a germination medium, I would recommend a mix between sowing soil and coarse sharp sand. This reduces your chance of contamination and/or Algae/Moss production.

Moss and algae problems on Trichocereus

Moss and Algae are a real problem for cactus growers because they overgrow your seedlings and usually kill them. If you see green crap on your soil, that is exactly what I am talking about. The seeds only need very little water to germinate, so do not overwater them in the beginning. You can always add more water but you can never take back a bad overwatering because it usually washes the seeds away or will lead to rotten seeds and soil.

Germination temperature for E.lageniformis

Germination temperature for Trichocereus bridgesii or Echinopsis lageniformis is around 25°-30° Celsius. But be careful because small seedlings die very easily because of too much heat. Especially if you germinate in closed containers, temps can get quite high in there. The time needed for them to germinate is between 2-6 weeks. If nothing has germinated after that, it´s probably because a.) there wasn’t enough water to kick start the germination. In this case just add more water and wait some more. b.) the temperatures were not high enough. In this case, just increase the temps and continue to germinate. Or C.) The seed is dead.

Bad quality Trichocereus seeds

There are a couple black sheep in seed business who sell seed that´s between 10-20 years old and the viability is horrible. So if you did everything right and nothing germinated, it´s the seed. Seed quality on the market varies greatly and you never know what batch you will end up with. So if you had a batch batch, I´d recommend you to contact the seller and ask him about it. Stay friendly and polite and they will replace it because they are aware of the great differences in seed quality.

Propagation: 

Trichocereus bridgesii can be grown from seed pretty easily. But you can also take cuttings and re-root them. This way, you can multiply your plants dramatically and if you are trying to get a lot of plants, you can also try areole grafting. Trichocereus bridgesii is pretty tough and you can basically stick it in a dry medium like sand and it will probably grow. Just make sure to let the cuts dry out and give the wound enough fresh air until everything is calloused. I use bird sand for that purpose, which is the mineral soil mix that you get in pet stores for the birds to take their dump in. It contains anise and some other minerals that just prevent mold and infections and it is perfect for rooting plants in it.

USDA Zones Trichocereus bridgesii: 

10a, 10B and 11

Purposes: 

Can be used as grafting stock or just because its´an amazing cactus. Besides, Trichocereus bridgesii is used as natural fence to keep away animals and people.

Trichocereus Bridgesii TBM Clone

Trichocereus Bridgesii seedling flower

Trichocereus Bridgesii TBM commercial grow Prier

 

Trichocereus bridgesii var. longispinus_2

 

Trichocereus bidgesii Dawson_2

This is a Herbarium Sample of Trichocereus Bridgesii! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com:

Trichocereus bridgesii Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis lageniformis

 

 

Trichocereus_bridgesii TBM clone B

 

Peter A. Mansfeld – Trichocereus Bridgesii Monstrose B, Penis Plant

Trichocereus bridgesii Penis_Cactus codify from perth

Bild: Codify from Perth

Lumberjack Trichocereus bridgesii misplant Lumberjack7

Fat bridgesii “LUMBERJACK” from Misplant.net

Spineless Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii KK242_bridgesii_1

bridgesii melty crestMelty Crest – Pic by Mutant

Trichocereus bridgesii Possible Monstrose 016

Trichocereus Bridgesii Inermis Penis Plant 032

Trichocereus bridgesii Dawsons Ben

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 2

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 3

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 4

Black Rot on a Trichocereus bridgesii

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 5

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 6

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis 8

Trichocereus bridgesii. Photo came labeled Trichocereus cuzcoensis.

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis aaa

Trichocereus bridgesii v.longispinus Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii KK919 Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia

 

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce

Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa / TBM

This One came labeled Trichocereus bridgesii v. inermis. In this case, “inermis”stands for “Spineless”.

Trichocereus bridgesii Bruce Australia Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Psycho0

Hybrid involving Trichocereus bridgesii (Rodni Kisar)

Spineless or short spine version of Trichocereus bridgesii

A short spine version of Trichocereus bridgesii (Rodni Kisar)
Trichocereus bridgesii Jeans Echinopsis lageniformis
Trichocereus bridgesii ‘Jeans’ (Gus Freeman)
Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis c2

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis 4

Trichocereus bridgesii crest monstrose Echinopsis lageniformis 3

Monstrose version of Trichocereus bridgesii (Philocacti)

T. bridgesii Bolivia Echinopsis lageniformis Trichocereus

Trichocereus bridgesii in Bolivia (Ben Kamm) 2

Trichocereus bridgesii in Bolivia (Ben Kamm)

Trichocereus bridgesii Australia Echinopsis lageniformis RodA Trichocereus bridgesii cultivar
Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis
Trichocereus bridgesii (Simon Maddern)

Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis 2

Trichocereus bridgesii in Australian garden Echinopsis 4

Echinopsis bridgesii K. Trout

Echinopsis bridgesii K. Trout. Please note that this Bolivian Echinopsis species is not Trichocereus bridgesii. The Echinopsis name was already taken, which is why T.bridgesii is now called Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 6Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai MoonunitbotanicaTrichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 5Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 3

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica 2

Trichocereus bridgesii KK919 Echinopsis lageniformis Flower

KK919 photo by Delia Kisar

Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Flower Kai Moonunitbotanica

Moonunitbotanica.com

Psycho0 Trichocereus bridgesii Rod

Rodni Kisar

Below: T.bridgesii ‘Bruce’ aka E.lageniformis ‘Bruce (GOT and LHB)

 Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 4.jpgTrichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 3Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis GOT Bruce 2Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce

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Check out the other amazing articles on species like Trichocereus macrogonus or Trichocereus deserticolus.

 

 

Trichocereus ‘Lumberjack’ Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus ‘Lumberjack’ Echinopsis lageniformis

The LUMBERJACK clone or LUMBERJACKUS is a rare and sought after Trichocereus that was found in a Lumberjack store in Sacramento by Decker Davies. Its actually an Echinopsis lageniformis with very distinct traits. It has a very typical double-pair spination and a fat body. This clone is known to flower abundantly and it is currently used by US breeder Misplant and Nitrogen.

It is believed to be a hybrid between Echinopsis lageniformis and another species, but it could also be a strange botanical form of Echinopsis lageniformis. For example, the populations from Isla del Sol look very similar.

This clone is really rare and Misplant is one of the few breeders that use it in their crosses. He makes multiple crosses per year with it.

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis Trichocereus bridgesii

Nitrogen

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis Trichocereus bridgesii

Trichocereus Nitrogen 2

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis Trichocereus bridgesii  4

Trichocereus  Echinopsis lageniformis Nitrogen 3

Those pics are from Misplant´s mother plants. Copyright: Misplant.net

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis bridgesii Misplant

Trichocereus Misplant

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis bridgesii Misplant 2

Trichocereus  Misplant 2

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis bridgesii Misplant 4

Trichocereus Echinopsis Misplant 4

Trichocereus Lumberjack Echinopsis lageniformis bridgesii Misplant 7

Trichocereus Lumberjack Misplant 6

 

Trichocereus hybrids (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus hybrids (Echinopsis)

There are all kinds of Trichocereus hybrids out there and I am happy to show you a couple of the resulting crosses on this page. I will try to update this page as often as I can, to show you what others grew from a certain cross.

Now let me add a little bit of background info to give you an understanding how this breeding works in case you are completely new to this. Almost all Trichocereus species are self-sterile. That means that you need pollen from another plant to produce seed. The pollen donor needs to be genetically different from the receiver. Because of that, it´s not possible to cross two different cuttings from the same mother plant. If you list the parents of a cross, it looks something like this:
Trichocereus peruvianus x Trichocereus bridgesii
That simply means that the Peruvianus is the mother plant, while Trichocereus bridgesii is the Father. In most cases, the resulting offspring comes closer to the mother than to the father. However, there are a lot of exceptions to this and sometimes, the genes of the father are simply more dominant.
You can cross a whole lot of Trichos with each other and most of the crosses will work, if you did it right. But there are some crosses that just genetically don´t match. For example, the seedlings produced by that cross end up being variegated/albinos or simply die. That´s actually very common and can happen all the time. It happens the most when crossing plants like Hildewintera hybrids. And that´s probably because there werent many plants in the gene pool to begin with.

Most Trichocereus species have a white flower and apart from the extremely rare Trichocereus tulhuayacensis, all San Pedros are flowering white. Because of that, this community is trying to breed some San Pedros with colored flowers. There already are a handful of hybrids involving Echinopsis pachanoi with colored flowers. One such Trichocereus hybrid is called SAARWELLEN and the other one is AMUN-RE. But both Trichocereus hybrids are extremely rare.

Now, have a look at some of the photos of Trichocereus hybrids

Trichocereus validus Hybrid

Terscheckii hybrid (1)

Terscheckii hybrid (2)

Terscheckii hybrid (3)

 

Trichocereus terscheckii x  Trichocereus bridgesii ‘Psycho0’

Terscheckii x Psycho San Pedro hybrids

Terscheckii x psycho (2)

 

Echinopsis terscheckii x Echinopsis pachanoi

Terscheckii x Pach (4)

Terscheckii x Pach (3)

Terscheckii x Pach (2)

Terscheckii x Pach (1)

 

 Trichocereus bridgesii ‘SS02’ x ‘Tom Juul´s Giant’

SS02 x Trichocereus bridgesii

SS02 x Bridgessi

SS02 x Bridgesii

 

Echinopsis peruviana ‘Sausage Plant’ x Trichocereus scopulicola

Sausage x Scop

Echinopsis peruviana ‘ROSEI 1’ x OPEN

 

 

Pachanoi x SS02

 

Echinopsis pachanoi x J3

Echinopsis scopulicola ‘Super Pedro’ x J3

Trichocereus scopulicola ‘Super Pedro’ x  Trichocereus bridgesii ‘HB02’

Fields  x Rosei #1

 

Trichocereus bridgesii ‘SS02’ x Sierra Canyon

Trichocereus bridgesii SS02 x Trichocereus chiloensis

 

Psycho0 x Scopulicola

Luther Burbank x SS02

Sierra Blue x SS02

 

Echinopsis macrogona x Echinopsis scopulicola

Psycho0 x J2

Psycho0 x Open ‘Vishnu’

 

 

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia

 Echinopsis lageniformis / Trichocereus bridgesii in Bolivia

Echinopsis lageniformis or Trichocereus bridgesii is probably THE dominant Trichocereus species in Bolivia. Yes, there are others but this species pretty much reflects the Bolivian counterpart to its Peruvian sister species like Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus peruvianus. The populations usually get up to 4-5 meters tall and form large groups. This plant is probably one of the most drought resistant Trichocereus species, which it manages to survive even the extreme temperatures in the Bolivian desert.

Read the full database entry on Trichoereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis here: https://trichocereus.net/trichocereus-bridgesii-echinopsis-lageniformis

The Californian Nursery Sacredsucculents.com visited some regional populations of Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in their Field Trips and I am extremely glad to have them here on the website. All photos are from Ben Kamm.

BK08603.3 Trichocereus bridgesii & BK08603.2 Prosopis alba, Huachjilla

This plant is very similar to the ones labeled Trichocereus aff. pachanoi. You can definitely see why so many people say that Trichocereus pachanoi grows in Bolivia too. They are extremely similar and it takes a lot of time and effort to differentiate them. The plant grows beside Prosopis Alba!

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 1

BK08608.2 Trichocereus bridgesii, mutant Achuma, NE La Paz, Bolivia

Another plant from the Sacred Succulents Field Trip 2008. A mutated version of an Achuma cactus that is just mindblowing. This is the type of thing that you can only encounter in nature. Those amazing walls of cactus are probably some of the most impressive sights that you can come across.

Below: This Trichocereus shows symptoms of Witches Broom disease. There are various reasons for this, some of which are mutations, infections with phytoplasms, etc.Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 2

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 4

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 5

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii,NE La Paz, Bolivia

 

It comes from the same site as the BK08608.2 Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis, but from a different Plant! The BK08 means that it was visited by Ben Kamm in 2008. The later numbers are either labeled BK09 or BK10. There also were some plants that were visited during the 2014 Field Trip, which were labeled BK14. Those plants are dark green and very similar to what is understood as San Pedro. The flowers are covered with white hairs, which is a great way to keep it apart from most of the Peruvian San Pedros.

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii,NE La Paz, Bolivia

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis,NE La Paz, Bolivia

Trichocereus ‘J2’ (Echinopsis) Cactus Country

Trichocereus ‘J2’ (Echinopsis) Cactus Country

J2 is a hybrid from Cactus Country.

Just like the other J-hybrids, this clone comes from Cactus Country in Strathmerton, Australia. They were named after the owner Jim, who built an amazing collection filled with beautiful Trichos.

Most people call this an Echinopsis pachanoi, but I do not agree. The distance between the areoles and the flower indicate a Trichocereus bridgesii hybrid. If not as the mother, then as the father.The clone clone was propagated and distributed by SAB forum member PD, who still uses the J hybrids for hybrid cultivation. All of them, including the J2 are hybrids.

J1 = Trichocereus peruvianus / pachanoi hybrid. Apart from the long spines, it looks like a Tr. pachanoi.

J2 = Trichocereus bridgesii hybrid or hybrid between Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus bridgesii.

J3 = Trichocereus peruvianus

JB = Trichocereus bridgesii

If you want to see more photos of the J hybrids and clones, you can check out our Trichocereus Facebook group: https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

t pach J2

t pach J2 spines

J2 in Cactus Country – Photo: Rodni Kisar

TBM – Trichocereus bridgesii Clone A + Clone B / Penis Plant aka Penis Cactus

TBM – Trichocereus bridgesii Clone A + Clone B / Penis Plant aka Penis Cactus

The so-called TBM (short for Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa) is a Trichocereus clone that produces some very typical spineless growth that gave it its name “Penis Plant”.  It forms small & penis-like pups that look like green sausages (or a really small penis) that pup repeatedly over and over again. The fact that the new pups tend to have a small insertion in the middle reinforce this impression.

There are two clones that we know of this well know monstrose:

TBM CLONE A / Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa Clone A

This version grows like a classic columnar cactus and grows upright columns. This version does not terminate its growth over and over again, and produces regular spines very sporadically. It is almost spineless and forms some blue/green stems with 2-4 flat ribs. In very rare cases, it produces yellow spines that demonstrate that this plant is actually a Trichocereus bridgesii, also known as Echinopsis lageniformis. This type is always mixed up with the smaller version of the penis cactus, Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa clone B. The columnar version is  much more rare than the smaller TBM Clone B.

Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone A Echinopsis lageniformisTrichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone A Echinopsis lageniformis 2Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone A Echinopsis lageniformis 3Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone A Echinopsis lageniformis 4

TBM CLONE B: Trichocereus bridgesii monstrosa / Echinopsis lageniformis Clone B

This clone has between 2 and 5 ribs and produces some strong spines that are very visible, even on small plants. The pups reach 3″ to 6″ before they terminate their growth and produce a new pup on top of it. This version  is also referred to as TBM Clone 2.

TBM Trichocereus Brigesii Penis Plant

trichocereus bridgesii Crest Penis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone B Echinopsis lageniformis 3

Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone B Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii TBM Clone B Echinopsis lageniformis 2

 

Curt Backeberg claimed to be the source for at least one of the two TBM in his book DIE CACTACEAE. I have no reason to doubt his explanation, as he had the infrastructure to make this plant one of the most common monstroses that it is today.

Where to buy a TBM Clone A or Clone B?

CLONE B is widely available and can be found in cactus collections all over the world. You often come across TBM that are for sale on marketplace sites or classified ads. In Australia, CLONE B is very common while CLONE A is extremely hard to find. There are a handful of growers who got their hands on a Clone A, but almost all plants on the Australian market are Clone B.

Synonyms:

Trichocereus bridgesii Inermis, Frauenglück, TBM, Clone 1, Clone 2, Echinopsis lageniformis monstrosa,

Check out some of our other articles, for example on Trichocereus validus or Trichocereus pachanoi.

If you have fun reading our articles, you can support us by joining our Trichocereus Facebook group or follow us on Instagram!

 

Trichocereus ‘Psycho0’ Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus ‘Psycho0’ Echinopsis lageniformis

Psycho0 is an Australian Trichocereus clone. It belongs to Echinopsis lageniformis.

T. bridgesii 'Psycho0' Echinopsis lageniformis

The clone was dedicated to the same-named SAB member, who unfortunately died at a very young age. It has always been a very popular clone that was given to many members on SAB. It spread through the Cactus community very fast and it´s a nice thing to see that so many people still keep our lost friend in mind. The clone originally came from Cactus Country, the legendary cactus garden in Strathmerton, Australia.

PSYCHO0 is an Echinopsis lageniformis with long, strong spines that are yellow in color. The plants usually have three very strong spines, that look pretty unique, though it can sometimes look like a more typical Echinopsis lageniformis.

Trichocereus bridgesii Psycho0 Echinopsis lageniformis

Trichocereus bridgesii Psycho0 Echinopsis lageniformis 2

Copyright: lhb2444

Hybrids

This nice Trichocereus terscheckii x  PYCHO0 is a great example for an amazing hybrid.

Bruce – Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis

Bruce – Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis

BRUCE is a beautiful Trichocereus bridgesii aka Echinopsis lageniformis with very broad ribs and a funny spination. Just like many other, it is a Trichocereus hybrid of Australian origin. Because of the broad ribs, this plant tends to have relatively few ribs. Most plants I´ve seen had between 4 and 6 ribs. The mother plant goes back to the SAB member BLACKDRAGON, who had a giant monster of this amazing plant growing in his garden. He also managed to get it to flower and the flower was relatively typical for a Tr.bridgesii.

This clone is suspected to be somewhat related to the Tr. bridgesii clone EILEEN, that was growing in front of reshroomED´s house. Personally, I would not be surprised if both were grown from similar or the same seed lots. But that´s just speculation and I have yet to hear more detailed information on the background. The plant is also known to show a “melting” look from time to time, which indicates that this is (at least partially) mutated somehow. BRUCE comes from South Australia and is also very similar to the clone MBN95/ SUPER BRIDGE, which more or less lost as I do not know of anyone who has that  plant with an intact label.

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 2

Echinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 4

BRUCE: COPYRIGHT: GOTEchinopsis lageniformis Bruce Trichocereus bridgesii 4

Where to buy cuttings or seeds of BRUCE (Trichocereus bridgesii)?

BRUCE is one of the rarer hybrids from Australia and I know of no breeder that is currently breeding with it. I know of various hybrids involving Bruce and it will take a few more years until we see the results of these Trichocereus bridgesii seeds.

If you enjoy our work with the database you might want to send in some photos to improve it. Also, feel free to join our Trichocereus Facebook group or follow us on Instagram.

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