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Trichocereus pachanoi (Echinopsis pachanoi)

Trichocereus pachanoi, also known as Echinopsis pachanoi, is columnar cactus with a long history of being grown as a crop and ritual plants. Today they can be found in every South American country. It is endemic to Peru and Ecuador, where the type locality can be found.

Please note that this is a purely informational article and we do not sell any plants or seeds of Trichocereus pachanoi. 

Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi cactus

The official and currently valid name is Echinopsis pachanoi, which came up when Friedrich & Rowley made a poorly thought out merger of the genus Trichocereus with Echinopsis! Trichocereus and Echinopsis are closely related, but there are so many differences in regards to the flowers and the body that it makes no sense to use Echinopsis for all kinds of different plants, while the same authors support the differentiation of even closer genera like Loxanthocereus and Borzicactus. I would jokingly call the chaos around the Echinopsis names the dark ages of Trichocereus  taxonomy. Now after numerous cladistic studies that pointed out that the genus Echinopsis needs to be changed again, the opinion of many authors have shifted and experts like Joel Lodé went on to use Trichocereus again. The genus Trichocereus is not officially back yet, but it would be highly unlikely if it wouldn´t be brought back within the next 10 or 20 years.

Echinopsis pachanoi aka Trichocereus pachanoi is a VERY variable cactus. It is not easy to differentiate Trichocereus pachanoi from other atypical Trichocereus types, such as a short-spined Trichocereus peruvianus or very spiny specimens of Trichocereus scopulicola. One of the most common strains of Trichocereus scopulicola, FR991, is very similar to Trichocereus pachanoi. It´s actually not really important, but I want to include this interesting little piece of information to point out what other and extremely similar plants can be out there-

Echinopsis pachanoi, aka Trichocereus pachanoi, is a very fast-growing columnar cactus native to the Andean Mountains, where it grows between 2.000 and 3.000 meters altitude.

It´s natural habitat includes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru but the plant can also be found in countless cactus collections all across the world. It is very similar to its relative Trichocereus peruvianus, now called Echinopsis peruvianus/peruviana or Peruvian Torch. Some growers, including Friedrich Ritter considered them to be synonymous and I tend to agree with that opinion because I’ve seen how extremely variable this whole group of cacti can be. Its general appearance depends on the environment and the overall health of a specimen. Trichocereus pachanoi is a very important plant for the Peruvian natives and has been used for all kinds of purposes.

Traditional names of Trichocereus pachanoi:

Achuma, Wachuma, Aguacolla, Huachuma, Hahuacollay, San Pedro,

Description of T. pachanoi:

Trichocereus Pachanoi naturally occurs in Ecuador and Peru, but can also be found planted all across Peru, because it was considered a sacred plant for the Peruvian natives. Its stems are light to dark green, sometimes glaucous and have a diameter of 5 to 20 cm  and usually 5–8 ribs, depending on the size. The white or gray areoles can produce numerous spines, that can get up to 2 cm long or more, depending on the environmental conditions it is grown in. As already mentioned before, the plant can be totally  spineless. The areoles are spaced evenly alongside the ribs, and between 1 and 2 centimeters apart.

Trichocereus pachanoi grows like a tree and reaches sizes of up to 6 meters and in some rare cases, even more. The plant pups from the base and grows columnar, unlike the smaller, clumping species of Echinopsis. Trichocereus pachanoi is a textbook example of a columnar cactus. It is one of the most beautiful cacti that are out there. The skin color can vary greatly and while some of the Ecuadorian Trichocereus pachanoi have a bright green color, there are many glaucous types. Most collection plants lack the spines while the specimens in the habitat usually tend to have more spines. There even are forms which are said to be the wild, spiny form of Trichocereus sachanoi and which was probably brought into cultivation by Karel Knize. I once bought some of those “wild Pachanois” and they had very long and yellowish spines.

Flowers: White, coming out at the upper parts of the Columns. Trichocereus pachanoi is a night flowering and self-sterile species. That means it needs another pollen donor to produce seed. The flowers are very large and attractive, usually around 18–25 cm long and with a diameter of up to 21 centimeters. It produces green fruits that are up to 7 cm long.

The flowers produce a very pleasant smell. The sepals have a brownish/reddish color while the petals are white. The stylus has a green base. The tube is covered with gray/black hairs.

Type location: Ecuador, Chan Chan Valley.

In the original description, Rose mentioned that Trichocereus Pachanoi comes from the higher areas of the Andes, where it grows at 2000-3000 meters altitude. Britton and Rose considered Cuena in Ecuador as the location of the type. That means that the plants that can be found there are the most typical for their description. Trichocereus Pachanoi grows all across Ecuador, from the Chan Chan valley down to the large Armatocereus populations in the south. In addition, the plant can also be found all over Peru and those plants are usually wild forms.

Trichocereus Pachanoi was named in honor of the well-known cactus collector and taxonomist, Pachano.

Commercial names and synonyms

Trichocereus sp. Torres & Torres, Trichocereus huanucoensis, Trichocereus, Tom Juul´s Giant (which is probably just an Ecuadorian Pachanoi), TPM, Trichocereus HBG 53196, Loehmans monstrose Trichocereus, Trichocereus OST 90641, KK2150 Trichocereus, and so on. 

Cultivation: Trichocereus pachanoi is very easy to cultivate. It’s a plant take can take a fair amount of frost and that´s relatively frost hardy for a cactus. Short night frosts and short temperature spikes down to minus 5° Celsius shouldn’t be a problem for them, but it also depends on the general health of the plant. I do not recommend to leave it in wet soil for long if the temperatures are low. This is one of the plants that takes a lot of water when the temperatures are high. In summer, I water them weekly and fertilize them once a month. And they love it. They need to reach a certain before they will ìflower, but if you give them a large enough pot and sufficient nutrients, they will even flower without free root run. I can recommend a sandy, acidic soil that dries up very fast. That ensures that the plant is dry once you bring it inside to the winter storage. In some warmer countries, Trichocereus sp. can be grown outside and they usually take it very well. I saw beautiful specimens in Australia or California. The Only thing you need to be careful about is rain because they don’t like getting wet feet for a long time. They take it for a couple of days, but it´s best if to give them some rain protection and a covering sail to prevent them from being overgrown by moss and algae. During the growth season, Trichocereus Pachanoi can grow very fast if watered on a regular basis.

Ecuadorian Specimens of Trichocereus pachanoi

Trichocereus pachanoi can be found on all kinds of witches markets in Peru and Ecuador. Ecuadorian Pachanoi tend to have a distinct, bright green color and are among the most sought after Trichos that are. In general, Trichocereus Pachanoi makes a great grafting stock, because of its fast growth and frost hardiness. Below you can find photos of plants that are typical for the Ecuadorian phenotype. The plants are often surprisingly spiny, with rounded ribs and 1-3 longer spines on white felted areoles.

Photos of Ecuadorian T. pachanoi

Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus 2
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus 3
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus 4
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus 5
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador Echinopsis pachanoi cactus 6

Photos below are from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips and show plants in Vilcabamba Ecuador. Note the dark glow.

Trichocereus pachanoi Vilcabamba Ecuador Neil Logan
Trichocereus pachanoi Vilcabamba Ecuador Neil Logan 2

Below Trichocereus pachanoi ‘Zeus’ (Philocacti)

Trichocereus pachanoi photo Zeus

Photo below T.pachanoi KK339 (Rodni Kisar) 

KK339 Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador 2 Rod

Below: Echinopsis pachanoi photo of KK339 by Karel Knize

KK339 Trichocereus pachanoi Ecuador 2

Diseases and how to avoid them

They are fairly resilient and don’t suffer from many diseases. They can suffer from bacterial or fungal rot every now and then and there are various pests & infections that growers can encounter. Black rot is usually benign and heals up after a while. There are fungal infections that can infect all plants from the genus Trichocereus, for example Witches Broom Disease, Damping Off or some other forms of orange rot. In many cases, fungal infections kill the plant within short time and infected plants should be removed from the collection immediately. Another common pest are root mealies, which are often brought into the collection through bought plants from online marketplaces and it’s hard to get rid of them once and for all. Chemical pesticides like Imidacloprid work very well but because they have a very bad impact on the beneficial insects like Bees and worms, I wouldn’t recommend it. Neem or Neem Oil works very well against all kinds of pests, including the hardy spider mites, Root mealies or scale. Scale can also be scrubbed off if the outbreak is not very bad. Trichocereus pachanoi should get a soil without too much humus because it tends to attract rot. Another natural pesticide that is used in organic farming is sulfur, which works against Spider mites and infections. Some growers also like to use diatomaceous earth to get rid of minor pests. Generally speaking, Trichocereus pachanoi is one of the easiest cacti that you can grow and most beginners shouldn’t have a problem to grow them.

Frost tolerance of Echinopsis pachanoi:

Trichocereus pachanoi is able to take short night frosts, down to -9° Celsius, which is 15.8° Fahrenheit. The minimum average temperature is around 10° Celsius or 50° Fahrenheit. Using Valerian flower extract is beneficial and can help to improve their resistance against frost.

General recommendations of things to avoid

A common thing that new growers like to do is taking too many cuttings to get a lot of plants very fast. I really hate because that will slow down the general growth dramatically. Very large plants grow much faster than small cuttings. If you really want to  produce a lot of them them (to get grafting stock, for example), make sure not to cut too small segments. The minimum length should be at least 30 centimeters long. That ensures that your cutting is growing fast and vigorously. Cutting a Trichocereus promotes pupping; but only if you don’t cut away too much. Small stumps will often struggle to survive if they werent in a great general shape when the cut was taken and it´s just something that I see a lot. Don´t mess too much with the pH level of the soil, because it can kill the plant if the pH is too high or low. They usually like slightly acidic soil. Don´t use regular plant soil because it contains WAY too much Humus or wood products for them. They might like it in summer but as soon as the temps drop, your plant might rot away because the roots take forever to dry. Don´t leave water standing in the pot because it will spoil the roots. Don´t spray them with oil and leave them in the sun directly after the treatment, because the sun will probably burn it. Only apply oil or alcohol in the evening when the sun cannot burn the plant and make sure not to directly expose plants that spent the winter in the house to the burning sun, because it will give it a sunburn.

Getting Trichocereus over the Winter: Most Trichocereus species can be overwintered in a bright place with a temperature between 10° Celsius/50° Fahrenheit. As long as the plants are in winter storage, they don’t require water because they go into dormancy. Because of that, they should be kept completely dry between October and April. Otherwise, the soil might spoil, what often leads to the death of the plant. Please note that this only applies to growers in Europe or similar country, where the strong night frosts and rain periods would kill the plants outside. Make sure to give them enough fresh air to reduce the risk of fungal infection. Most Trichocereus tolerate cold winter storage very well. Besides, this cold storage is the same that happens to them in nature and it increases their general ability to flower. Plants that are kept too warm all year round have trouble to produce flowers.

Just like the other plants from the genus Echinopsis, Trichocereus pachanoi is very easy from seed. But only if you know what you´re doing. I can recommend the takeaway-tech, which is a development of the Fleischer Tec. Mr. Fleischer was a cactus enthusiast that invented a technique in which he germinated cactus seeds in small glass jars with a closed lid. Now, there are those 250 ml Salad containers that can be used in a similar way and they work with many cacti. Now, the seeds need light to germinate. So you don´t cover the seeds with soil but sprinkle them on the soil. The seeds of Trichocereus Pachanoi are very tiny. As a soil, I can recommend a mix of standard sowing soil (not regular plant soil because sowing soil does not spoil so easily) and sharp coarse sand. This way, the chances for fungal infections are rather slim. In addition, you can add a fungicide right when you add the seeds. There are various fungicides available on the market. Just make sure to not use Sulfur or copper during the germination process. Sulfur works great to get rid of infections on adult plants; but it can kill every single seed in a sowing container. So don´t use it if you intend to germinate seed. You can ask your pharmacist about potential fungicides.

Now, after you mixed the soil, you put it in the small see-through container and make sure to even out the soil layer by slightly stomping the soil with another growing container. This is to avoid that the seeds fall into little cracks. The soil level needs to be straight to ensure that the seedlings have enough stability later on. After you consolidated the soil, you can sprinkle the Trichocereus seeds on top of the soil. Then, you get yourself a water sprayer, add in some fungicide or antibiotic solution (but only one that doesn’t kill seeds) and spray the whole thing very lightly. Trichocereus Seed does not take a lot of water to germinate. Make sure not to add too much water, because it WILL 100% kill them if the soil looks like a swamp. Besides, make sure to get yourself VIABLE seeds. There are many crappy seeds available on the market and many of them are not viable anymore. Trichocereus seed usually stays fresh for 5-10 years, but the germination rates are best during the first year. After you’ve sprayed the whole seed/soil mix, you can close the lid and take it to a bright spot, like a window or under an LED lamp. Light increases germination rates dramatically and I can only recommend you to get yourself an LED lamp. But I’d recommend you to get one that uses High Power LEDs and that has at least 150 Watt. From all the things I got myself, this was the thing that increased the germination rates the most. Don´t bake the seeds though; a light spot on the window is absolutely sufficient. Ideal germination temperature is between 25 and 30 degree Celsius. If the seed was viable, you will get some germinations within 2-3 weeks. If you get white mold on the seeds, they are probably dead. It does not help to leave seed wet for more than 6 weeks in order to “wait for germinations”. It’s rather counterproductive so if you don’t get germinations within 4-6 weeks, take off the lid, let everything dry out and then, restart again. Difficult or half-dead seed can be treated with Gibberellic acid to wake it up from dormancy. Besides, cycles of drying out and watering can help to bring back zombie seed to life.
If you get mold inside the container, take off the lid asap and water away the mold. At this point, you´ll have to leave the lid open and grow them without a lid. If you do that, they need to be sprayed with water on a regular basis to stay alive. Like, twice a day. But don’t keep them wet for long and ensure that the soil can get dry between the watering cycles. Otherwise, you might get fungus gnats, which look like tiny, see-through worms. In that case, let the soil dry out.

The small seedlings have enough nutrients to survive for a couple months, but it helps to fertilize them IN A VERY DILUTED CONCENTRATION every now and then. Don’t use the regular dose that adult plants get or they will die. Besides, don’t expose the seedlings to DIRECT sunlight or they will get sunburn and die. Well yeah, after one year, they should be big enough to re-pot them and single them out. If you encounter problems in your culture, just let me know and I´ll try to help you!

The flowers of Trichocereus pachanoi: 

The flowers are large, white, hairy and covered with scales. The color of the hairs is usually black or brown, while the color of the hair on the buds or flowers on the PC clone is mostly white and similar to that of Bolivian species like Trichocereus bridgesii.

Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi flower flowers flowering cactus 2
Photo Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi flower tube flowers flowering cactus

Photos of T. pachanoi

Echinopsis pachanoi Trichocereus pachanoi photo 2
Echinopsis pachanoi Trichocereus pachanoi photo 6
Echinopsis pachanoi Trichocereus pachanoi photo 7
Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi photos ribs


A typical specimen with relatively short spines.

Trichocereus pachanoi echinopsis pachanoi photos 8


Another very beautiful strain. The spine length is around 2 cm and this is not very uncommon.

Trichocereus pachanoi Bogan Australia hybrid Echinopsis 2
Trichocereus pachanoi Yowie Australia hybrid Echinopsis

Trichocereus pachanoi ‘Yowie’

Trichocereus pachanoi 'Rod' Ecuador Echinopsis cactus

Rather spine specimen, which might actually be an intermediate between T. peruvianus and T. pachanoi

Trichocereus pachanoi 'Rod' Ecuador Echinopsis cactus 2

Trichocereus pachanoi ‘Rod’

by Lars Echinopsis_pachanoi_San_Pedro_010

This picture shows one of the plants that Curt Backeberg sold, also known as Backeberg Pachanoi. He used to recommend the plant for grafting in the 50s and sold huge amounts of em through his cactus nursery.

trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi Curt backeberg
Trichocereus pachanoi kimnach Huntington Botanical Garden photo

Trichocereus pachanoi Kimnach et. al. 28760 – Huntington Botanical Garden

Trichocereus PC Echinopsis Pachanoi

This photo might actually show the PC clone, a version that is often attributed to T. pachanoi, but which needs investigation. Photo: by Lars

Chavin-cactus-stone Trichocereus Echinopsis ancient ruins

Stone plate from Chavin de Huantar showing typical Trichocereus cacti

Nephiliskos Kaktus-Azteke

Nephiliskos Kaktus-Azteke

Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi group shot photo

 Ajor933 _san_pedro

Trichocereus pachanoi PC Echinopsis Predominant Cultivar PredominateTrichocereus pachanoi PC Echinopsis Predominant Cultivar Predominate

Forest & Kim Starr – Predominant Cultivar, also known as Predominate Cultivar. This one might not even be a Trichocereus pachanoi.

Trichocereus pachanoi PC Echinopsis Predominant Cultivar Predominate 2

Forest & Kim Starr – Predominant Cultivar, also known as Predominate Cultivar. This one might not even be a Trichocereus pachanoi.

Trichocereus pachanoi PC Echinopsis Predominant Cultivar Predominate 3

Forest & Kim Starr – Predominant Cultivar, also known as Predominate Cultivar.

Flower of Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis pachanoi


by Enfo Jardins_Mossèn_Costa_i_Llobera

Photo of Echinopsis pachanoi in Peru Trichocereus pachanoi

Anne Besnier Zavaleta  Fleur_de_cierge_du_PérouMacAllenBrothers Echinopsis-pachanoi-peru

Photo of Echinopsis pachanoi in Peru Trichocereus pachanoi 2

Echinopsis-pachanoi

PC Trichocereus Predominant Cultivar

Photo below probably shows the PC clone

Flowers of Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis flowering cactus

pizzodisevo Echinopsis_pachanoi

Flowers of Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis flowering cactus 2
Flowers of Trichocereus pachanoi Echinopsis flowering cactus 3

by Lars

And now, as a comparison, the almost identical Tom Juul´s Giant, which is considered to be a form of Trichocereus pachanoi. Copyright Misplant.net:

Trichocereus Tom Juul´s Giant TJG Echinopsis photo

Video comparison between Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus peruvianus

Differences between Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus bridgesii Video

Trichocereus Facebook Group

You can also find information on all kinds of Trichocereus hybrids and species in this Facebook group: Facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

Check out other interesting articles here:

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Trichocereus riomizquensis RITTER (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus riomizquensis Ritter

Trichocereus riomizquensis is a Bolivian Trichocereus species that is closely related to Trichocereus bridgesii. I count it as a close relative and potential regional form of Trichocereus bridgesii, which is only endemic to one site in Bolivia near the Rio Mizque.
The species was discovered and described by the German cactus field botanist Friedrich Ritter, who gave Chuyllas as the type locality and described it growing on steep slopes in the province Campero.

His Field Number was FR 856. Friedrich Ritter was one of the leading Cactus experts of his time and successfully ran a seed shop, in which he sold this species as seed to people all over the world. Trichocereus riomizquensis was also visited during the Sacred Succulents Fieldtrips and they found a couple of different types growing around that area.

In Ritter´s book, he published a photo of this species. Unfortunately this photo is not very good and it is one of the species that are rare in cultivation. Almost all labels on plants grown from Ritter´s seeds are lost, but the plant is definitely available. On the market, it sometimes shows up labeled as Trichocereus bridgesii, or probably also labeled as Trichocereus PC. Please note that there is a wide variety of plants from this site and the range is very big, ranging from spiny to completely spineless plants.

Ben Kamm published some photos of a Herbarium specimen that was very close to Trichocereus bridgesii as well.

Where to buy seeds and plants of Trichocereus riomizquensis?:

Though Trichocereus riomizquensis is common in cactus collection in the USA, it is usually mislabeled. Sacred Succulents were giving away seeds after their Field Trips and some plants might have gotten into the hands of collectors. They are also selling live plants grown from their collected seeds sometimes.

Description of Trichocereus riomizquensis:

This is partial description of Friedrich Ritter´s original description, including remarks on how to keep it apart from T. scopulicola.

Trichocereus riomizquensis is 6-8 centimeters thick (while Trichocereus scopulicola is 8-10 centimeters thick), it has 5-6 ribs, (T. scopulicola: 4-6), its flanks are 2 centimeters wide (Scopulicola 3-4 cm wide flanks), the flanks are less rounded than the ones on Tr. scopulicola. It has rounded areoles (while the ones on T. scopulicola are usually oval). The areoles have a very visible fluff with a diameter of 2-3 mm. The 1-5 spines are honey-colored and between 1-3 mm long. Sometimes they are even missing.
The flower of Trichocereus riomizquensis is 20 centimeters long (while the flowers of T. scopulicola are 16-20) and covered with dark brown/white wool with large scales. The fruit looks knobby.

Type locality: Chuyllas near the Rio Mizque, on very steep rock walls in the province Campero, Bolivia. Discovered from Ritter in 1958 – FR 856.

Trichocereus riomizquensis Ritter

Ritter´s original photo of his Trichocereus riomizquensis. It is possible that this plant is the same strain as the American PC clone, which gets very close to this plant´s phenotype. However, DNA testing needs to be done to verify. The photos show two VERY similar plants though.

Trichocereus PC clone Predominant cultivar

In comparison to Ritter´s plant, check out the PC Trichocereus clone above. (Forest and Kim Starr)

Trichocereus riomizquensis Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 copyright B
Trichocereus riomizquensis Herbarium, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 232

This is one of the plants from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips:

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK10508

Copyright Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK 10.08.7

Trichocereus Riomizquensis BK 10.08.7

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia

Trichocereus riomizquensis is one of the most interesting species from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips because of its incredible range. Some plants look like the Trichocereus bridgesii-type plants with long spines from the Field Trips and some other ones look like the short spine versions that Friedrich Ritter´s description was about.

If you take a close look at the whole appearance of this plant, you can see that it has a similar areole shape to the areoles on the well known Trichocereus PC clone, also known as predominant cultivar or predominate cultivar.  The flower and the overall appearance are so similar that everything else would be extremely surprising. Despite the fact that there are some very spiny plants at this site, there are some other which get extremely close to Ritter´s original photo. Though this will probably never be proven, there´s definitely reasonable doubt that this PC clone is actually a Trichocereus pachanoi.

There is a lot variation within the populations the original site near the Rio Mizque. This population is one of the most interesting Trichocereus populations out there and DNA testing should absolutely be made to look into its relationship to Trichocereus bridgesii.

Where to buy seeds or cuttings of Trichocereus riomizquensis:

Well, Ben and Sacred Succulents would be my starting point if I were in the USA. They don´t ship plants internationally, but if you have the luck to be in the country you might be able to get some cuttings. Apart from this, I do not know any sources for this species. Most of Ritter´s old plants have lost their labels meanwhile, which makes getting one even harden. I am sure that some of them show up on online market places labeled as Trichocereus bridgesii every now and then.

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 1


Copyright: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia 3

BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis
BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis 5
BK10512.1 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora, Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis 6

 

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque

This photo here looks really unspectacular, but shows the area of the Rio Mizque. It is the place of origin of this rare species and most of the plants that can be found there are obviously Bridgesii related.

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque 2

BK10512.4 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora,  Cochabamba, Bolivia Echinopsis Rio Mizque 4

Check out our main plant database page for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

And this article I wrote about PC

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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Trichocereus vollianus / Echinopsis volliana – Gorgeous Species

Trichocereus vollianus, also known under it´s currently valid name Echinopsis volliana, is a columnar cactus from the genus Trichocereus. It is a very interesting plant and there is only little information to be found about it. Ben Kamm and Sacred Succulents encountered Trichocereus vollianus during their 2010 Sacred Succulents field trip.

The original description of this plant came from Backeberg in his book KAKTUS-ABC. The original type location is in Arque in Cochabamba. The shoots have a maximum diameter of up to 10 centimeters, approximately 13 ribs and a very bright green yellow color. The epidermis of this plant has similarities to Trichocereus spachianus, which has a very bright green color too. The ribs are 7 mm broad and are up to 5 mm high. The areoles are approx. 2-2,5 cm apart from each other. The plant has 7-12 radial spines and very fine and thin spines that can get up to 7 mm long. There usually is only one middle spine which can reach a length of 2,5 cm. All spines are yellow colored (Backeberg used the term “Amber”).

Flowers: The flowers of Trichocereus vollianus are white and up to 12 cm long. However, I assume that the flowers depend greatly on the health of the plant and larger flowers wouldn’t come as a surprise to me.

Fruit: Green and very hairy.

How to keep it apart from Trichocereus spachianus?: Trichocereus vollianus is very similar to Trichocereus spachianus but thicker, even more shiny and has a brighter green epidermis. Backeberg also mentioned that they work very well as a grafting stock.

There also was a Trichocereus vollianus var. rubrispinus with reddish spines, which would probably be regarded as nothing but a regional form under today´s standards. It is a common occurrence that some populations are extremely variable with lots of different forms growing together and it is not enough to warrant a separate description as a new species.

Where to get seeds of Trichocereus vollianus?:

Well, it´s definitely a rare species. Sacred Succulents collected some seeds and gave them away under the name mentioned above but apart from that, there are very few sources that provide viable seed.  You could make a posting in our Trichocereus Facebook group because I know of some people who were able to get some seeds back when they were sold by Sacred Succulents. Definitely an interesting plant!

Misidentified Trichocereus vollianus in Australia:

There are a whole lot of misidentified plants of this species going around in Australia. These are probably either Trichocereus thelegonoides or Trichocereus quadratiumbonatum. If your Trichocereus  vollianus has strong ridges/notches above the areoles, it is not the right species.

Fotos below: Trichocereus vollianus (Jürgen Els)

Trichocereus vollianus / Echinopsis volliana Jürgen Els

Photos below:
BK10511.1 Trichocereus vollianus, between Arani & Rodeo, Cochabamba, Bolivia / Sacred Succulents

263 BK10511

264 BK10511

265 BK10511

Photos below: A form of Trichocereus vollianus with slight genetic proximity to Trichocereus spachianus (Pedro Lopez Artés)

 

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Trichocereus sp. ‘Isla del Sol’ (Echinopsis)

This population from the Bolivian island ‘Isla Del Sol’ belongs into the wider complex of Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis. However, it is currently discussed whether or not this plant is actually a different species and DNA testing is required to look into its status.  Sacred Succulents visited this population during their Field Trips and made some amazing photos. I also have some sick photos of it in my first book.

BK08601.1 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, Bolivia

Now, this is one of the most interesting Trichocereus species that were visited during the Sacred Succulents Field Trips! All the photos shown here are from Ben Kamm & Sacredsucculents.com! This was from the 2008 Field Trip and it is very similar to an intermediate between Trichocereus bridgesii and something from the Trichocereus cuzcoensis complex. Trichocereus cuzcoensis is mostly known for the plants in Cusco that were used to write the original description, but there are similar plants and relatives of Trichocereus cuzcoensis that can be found in other Peruvian states.

It also reminds me a little bit of Trichocereus knuthianus, which also belongs to the Cuzcoensis complex and has similar, massive areoles. Those plants are definitely very old…how they evolved exactly is not known.
Sacred Succulents gave away seed of this amazing species in 2008, but I do not know of anyone who raised some of them so far. If you happen to own this type, please let me know because it´s on my most-wanted list and I urgently need more pics of seed grown plants. The Isla Del Sol is an area that can be found in the southern part of the Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. It´s a wonderful area that is filled with ancient ruins and that screams “History”. I do not know if those plants were intentionally planted there or if they just evolved, but it´s definitely one of the coolest Trichocereus species out there.

Isla Del Sol in Bolivia

193 BK08601.1 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, Bolivia

Copyright: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

192 BK08601

BK08601.2 Trichocereus Isla del Sol, Bolivia

This is another Plant from the same region. Judging by the looks of it, it grows very nearby. The Plant is somehow connected to the Trichocereus cuzcoensis Complex and is simply awesome!

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195 BK08601

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Trichocereus scopulicola

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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Trichocereus huanucoensis (Echinopsis)

Trichocereus huanucoensis goes back to a nursery owner called Harry Johnson senior, who brought this plant into the USA in the 1950s. Unlike popular belief, Trichocereus huanucoensis is NOT an official species. There is no official description and very little information about the plant. According to Herbarium pieces, its place of origin is Huanuco. It is a beautiful town directly beside Chavin de Huantar and the plants that can be found there are Trichocereus santaensis and intermediate forms between Trichocereus santaensis and Trichocereus pachanoi. The same applies to Trichocereus huanucoensis too. It is fairly typical of Backeberg´s species Trichocereus santaensis and the place of origin underlines that. If you want to see similar plants, check out the posting about Chavin de Huantar.

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant

Trichocereus huanucoensis has very wide ribs, which give it a similar look to Trichocereus santaensis and Trichocereus bridgesii. The original site where Johnson collected his seeds is unknown, but the plants grown from them are common to be found in some parts of the USA. In California, quite a few larger plants were planted outside. Apart from its occurrence in cactus nurseries and collected in the USA, it is very rare in Europe. This underlines the suspicion that Mr. Johnson was indeed the source and distributed this plant among his friends and customers.

Trichocereus huanucoensis tends to be extremely fat and has a very bloated look. Its spine length is extremely variable and the specimens can have no spines or long spines but it usually has very few spines per areole. The spines are usually golden, but lack a swollen spine base. This is a key similarity to the plants from Chavin de Huantar as well.

Though the obvious lack of a description, it is a very attractive plant that deserves to be propagated. It is commercially available from Sacred Succulents or Misplant but it is still a rare plant.

One specimen of Trichocereus huanucoensis is also growing in the Huntington Botanical Garden in California. The specimen that Sacred Succulents use for their Huanucoensis crosses was originally from Ed Gay, who was a close friend of Johnson & Huntington. Some people tend to believe that Trichocereus huanucoensis is a Bridgesii relative, but the flower morphology pretty much rules that out right away. Its flowers and flower buds are typical for a Peruvian San Pedro, especially T. santaensis.

There is a variety of this plant on the market labeled H80361, which probably originated from Johnson also. There might have been the chance to find out more about the origin of the plant in the Huntington Botanical Garden but unfortunately, they do not have any info on where some of their older plants came from. At some point, their ID cards were stolen or lost, what makes it more difficult to find more information on the plant´s origin other than that it came from Huanuco.

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 9

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 8

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 9 7

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 6

 

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 4

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 3

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 2

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 11

Trichocereus huanucoensis Echinopsis Misplant 12

Copyright: Misplant.net

Trichocereus huanucoensis cutting

Trichocereus Aff. Huanucoensis – Trout

Trichocereus huanucoensis
Trichocereus huanucoensis 4
Trichocereus huanucoensis buy
Trichocereus aff. huanucoensis

Huanocoensis var. Stillman

Trichocereus huanucoensis seeds

Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar
Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar
Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar
Trichocereus huanucoensis x Serra Blue Echinopsis Delia Kisar

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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SS03 (Trichocereus knuthianus)

SS03 (Trichocereus knuthianus)

The SS03 Trichocereus is a clone that was and still is distributed by Sacred Succulents in California. It is a Trichocereus knuthianus that is very similar to the other Knuthianus forms that are available sometimes. The plant has strong spines and very typical V-notches that make it easy to spot. Seed grown seedlings grown from SS03 seeds look very spiny and have thin & yellow spines.

This is Sacred Succulents description from their catalogue. You can get this plant through their website at sacredsucculents.com:

Upright columns to 16′ or more. Dark green stems up to 6″ in diameter. Areoles bear 7 – 9 radial spines up to 1″ and one stout central spine up to 2″ long. White nocturnal flowers. Appears to be a form of Trichocereus peruvianus. Cold hardy to at least 25° Fahrenheit.

 

Sacred Succulents SS03 NR
Photos: Noah Reams

SS03 NR

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Chavín de Huántar: Trichocereus santaensis & El Lanzon

Chavín de Huántar: Trichocereus santaensis & El Lanzon

Chavín de Huántar is an archaeological site in Peru with a long history of Trichocereus cultivation. There are plants that can be found within the ruins and those plants probably go back for many thousands of years. The ruins are thought to be from 1200BC and the age of this complex is energetically discussed among archaeologists.

This legendary place is located in the Ancash area and holds great religious as well as historic significance, which is why the center was in the midst of the Chavin culture. It is located near the important Peruvian city Lima and lies at the confluence of two large rivers: The Rio Mosnar and the Huanchecsa river. The Trichocereus strains from this area have a huge botanic variability and the area is home to a large number of different plants and Trichocereus species.

Chavín_de_Huántar Sharon odbPhoto: Sharon ODB

Peru Map Trichocereus Chavin Santa Valley santaensisMap: Urutseg

Photos from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips. Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com. 

Trichocereus sp, Chavindehuantar, Ancash, Peru 

The regional form known from this area is probably somewhere between Trichocereus cuzcoensis and Trichocereus peruvianus. We saw plants that clearly belonged into the Trichocereus santaensis group as well as other weird plants…some of which even look like Trichocereus huanucoensis.

 

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru  2

Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3 Echinopsis santaensis

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

Another great Specimen from the Ancash Region in Peru.

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 1

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2

BK09509.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 1

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 2

BK09508.2 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru Tillandsia Echinopsis santaensis

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 3

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 1

BK09509.1 Trichocereus sp, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 2

El Lanzon Trichocereus :

This legendary photo is made by Aplantis.net:

Trichocereus El Lanzon Echinopsis santaensis Trichocereus santaensis peruvianus

Photo: Aplantis.net

This plant has a great history and most people who visit the area can´t go by without taking loads of photos. It´s one of my most favorite plants.

Trichocereus chavin de huantar Peru El Lanzon

Those plants were posted by ChavinHerbalist. They are trying to preserve the genetics and posted some amazing photos on Facebook. Check them out!

AD002 Chavin Herbalist Trichocereus peruvianus Echinopsis

Trichocereus Chavin Seedling cactus Trichocereus santaensis

Photos below Trichocereus santaensis / Echinopsis santaensis in Chavin de Huantar, El Lanzon (Riley Flatten)

Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 2 Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 3 Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis Riley Flatten 4 Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten Photo Trichocereus Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2 Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 22 Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3 Photos Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 4 El Lanzon Photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 3 Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 2 Cactus photo Trichocereus santaensis Chavin de Huantar El Lanzon Trichocereus santaensis Echinopsis santaensis Riley Flatten 5 Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 2 Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 3 Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 4 Trichocereus santaensis El Lanzon San Marcos Chavin de Huantar 5

 

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Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia

Echinopsis lageniformis or Trichocereus bridgesii is probably THE dominant Trichocereus species in Bolivia. Yes, there are others but this species pretty much reflects the Bolivian counterpart to its Peruvian sister species like Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus peruvianus. The populations usually get up to 4-5 meters tall and form large groups. This plant is probably one of the most drought resistant Trichocereus species, which it manages to survive even the extreme temperatures in the Bolivian desert.

The Californian Nursery Sacredsucculents.com visited some regional populations of Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in their Field Trips and I am extremely glad to have them here on the website. All photos are from Ben Kamm.

BK08603.3 Trichocereus bridgesii & BK08603.2 Prosopis alba, Huachjilla

This plant is very similar to the ones labeled Trichocereus aff. pachanoi. You can definitely see why so many people say that Trichocereus pachanoi grows in Bolivia too. They are extremely similar and it takes a lot of time and effort to differentiate them. The plant grows beside Prosopis Alba!

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 1

BK08608.2 Trichocereus bridgesii, mutant Achuma, NE La Paz, Bolivia

Another plant from the Sacred Succulents Field Trip 2008. A mutated version of an Achuma cactus that is just mindblowing. This is the type of thing that you can only encounter in nature. Those amazing walls of cactus are probably some of the most impressive sights that you can come across.

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 2

Below: This Trichocereus shows symptoms of Witches Broom disease. There are various reasons for this, some of which are mutations, infections with phytoplasms, etc.

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 4

Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis in Bolivia 5

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii,NE La Paz, Bolivia

 

It comes from the same site as the BK08608.2 Trichocereus bridgesii / Echinopsis lageniformis, but from a different Plant! The BK08 means that it was visited by Ben Kamm in 2008. The later numbers are either labeled BK09 or BK10. There also were some plants that were visited during the 2014 Field Trip, which were labeled BK14. Those plants are dark green and very similar to what is understood as San Pedro. The flowers are covered with white hairs, which is a great way to keep it apart from most of the Peruvian San Pedros.

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii,NE La Paz, Bolivia

BK08608.3 Trichocereus bridgesii Echinopsis lageniformis,NE La Paz, Bolivia

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Trichocereus scopulicola

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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Trichocereus pachanoi in Bolivia?

When people refer to Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia, they usually mean populations of Echinopsis pachanoi in Bolivia. But much unlike popular belief, most of those plants are actually closer to Trichocereus bridgesii than to Trichocereus pachanoi. Both of these species are sister species and closely related, but they are not the same species. However, both species can look very much like each other. You can definitely see the difference on flowering plants though. Echinopsis pachanoi usually has brown or black hairs on the flowers, while the hairs on the Bolivian species are often white.

Here are some of the so called Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia populations that were visited during Sacred Succulents´Field Trips. Most of the plants are labeled Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, what stands for „affinity to Trichocereus pachanoi“. That means that those plants look similar to Trichocereus pachanoi, while they probably are more closely related to Trichocereus bridgesii. Don´t forget that Trichocereus pachanoi is widely cultivated in every South American country today. It´s just that the Bolivian version of Echinopsis pachanoi is Trichocereus bridgesii, which is also called Achuma or Cactus of the Four Winds. The latter has become a catchy marketing phrase for everything that has four ribs, but that has more to do with marketing than ancient history. Nonetheless, this phrase has been used for a four-ribbed Bridgesii type. With that said, many plants can temporarily have four ribs, but usually grow some later on.

Here I will show some photos from the Sacred Succulents Field Trips from Bolivia. All those pics are from  Ben Kamm and Sacredsucculents.com. Please support them to make more Field Trips like those possible!

 BK10512.11 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, near Cuchucunata,  Cochabamba, Bolivia 

 BK10512.11 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, near Cuchucunata,  Cochabamba, Bolivia 

 BK10512.11 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, near Cuchucunata,  Cochabamba, Bolivia 
Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia

Those plants are relatively spineless, but look pretty typical for Bolivian plants between Trichocereus pachanoi and Trichocereus bridgesii. In my eyes, those are just spineless or relatively spineless forms of Trichocereus bridgesii but you would need to take a look at the flowers to verify. There certainly are some cultivated Pachanois in Bolivia, but they are grown as natural fencing or garden plants are did not evolve over time. Most populations of Echinopsis pachanoi in Bolivia are actually Trichocereus bridgesii.

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Arani, Cochabamba, Bolivia 

On this one, you can see the obvious relationship to Trichocereus bridgesii. I originally wrote that it might be related to Trichocereus scopulicola, but it could as well but just another type of Trichocereus bridgesii. But the labeling with aff. pachanoi fits pretty good, though those are all closer related to Trichocereus bridgesii than they are to Trichocereus pachanoi.

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Arani, Cochabamba, Bolivia 

Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Arani, Cochabamba, Bolivia  2

Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia

BK10508.5 T. aff. pachanoi, Tiatako, Cochabamba, Bolivia 

Another version of Trichocereus pachanoi Bolivia, but which is actually closer to Echinopsis lageniformis, aka Trichocereus bridgesii. This one is the most interesting, because it might actually be a relative of Trichocereus scopulicola. But I would need to take a closer look at the rest of the plants. On the second pic, the ribs look very much like the ribs on a Trichocereus scopulicola.

BK10508.5 T. aff. pachanoi, Tiatako, Cochabamba, Bolivia 

BK10508.5 T. aff. pachanoi, Tiatako, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2

BK10508.1 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Cerro San Pedro, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

BK10508.1 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Cerro San Pedro, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

BK10508.1 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Cerro San Pedro, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 2

BK10508.1 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Cerro San Pedro, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 4

BK10508.1 Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Cerro San Pedro, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 6

Trichocereus bridgesii, Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

Trichocereus bridgesii, Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

Very cool Trichocereus growing in Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden in Cochabamba, Bolivia!

Trichocereus aff. pachanoi, Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010

Trichocereus species in Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden Cochabamba, Bolivia

Martin Cardenas is a specialist on peruvian cacti and this is his botanical garden in Chochabamba. He is widely accepted and respected field botanist and it´s really great to see his private garden.

Trichocereus species in Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden Cochabamba, Bolivia

Trichocereus species in Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden Cochabamba, Bolivia 2

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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Trichocereus peruvianus Matucana

Trichocereus peruvianus Matucana is one of the most sought after types. Matucana is the type locality of Trichocereus peruvianus, which means that in Matucana you can find the most typical plants according to the description. The description was originally made by the Americans Britton & Rose, and the described a plant that must have been somewhere between Trichocereus peruvianus and Trichocereus cuzcoensis. And yes, Trichocereus cuzcoensis plays a part in the history of Trichocereus peruvianus as well. Both are so closely related and exist with many intermediate forms in between that Britton & Rose´s decision to keep them separated from each other was not regarded without criticism.

Photos of Trichocereus peruvianus Matucana

ICARO DNA Rod 2

One of the most typical Trichocereus peruvianus Matucana types is ICARO DNA. Icaro Dna made a name for themselves providing great quality seeds that are probably as true as it gets to the original description. To me, when I hear the name MATUCANA, I think of this remarkable type.
Photo: Trichocereus.com.au

But now back to Trichocereus peruvianus Matucana. Sacred Succulents had the great luck to visit some of them during their South America Field Trips. Here are some of them:

291 BK08612

Trichocereus peruvianus, Matucana, Peru

Trichocereus Peruvianus without a field number. Again in Matucana Peru. Very cool Glauceous Tricho, similar to the cultivar Trichocereus Rosei or Trichocereus Glaucus. Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com! Please support them because they are awesome!

296 Trichocereus peruvianus, Matucana, Peru

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BK08612.4-A Trichocereus peruvianus, Matucana, Peru

Another frosted Peruvianus from the Location in Matucana. Very similar to the Plants that are labeled “Trichocereus Rosei”. Or Trichocerus Glaucus! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com!

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Another type that is believed to be a Matucana type is the Australian Trichocereus rosei clone. It´s fabulous and one of my absolute favorites. Rosei 2 is DEFINITELY a Matucana…and Rosei 1 most likely. The alternative would be that it comes from Rimac, but I want to show it here too!

T.peru Roseii1 Flower_1

This is Rosei 2, just for comparisons:

T.peru Roseii2_1

Some of those plants are sometimes called Trichocereus santaensis, but those are usually thinner and overall closer to Trichocereus pachanoi or sometimes even Trichocereus bridgesii than they are to Trichocereus peruvianus.

Well, that was one of the more typical Trichocereus peruvianus from Matucana. This city in Peru is one of the historic cactus sites, especially for the species Trichocereus peruvianus. Matucana is the type locality of Trichocereus peruvianus, which means that in Matucana you can find the most typical plants. But there is more; many many plants with cuzcoensis genetics. For example, KK242 is from Matucana too! And due to the high number of intermediates between Trichocereus cuzcoensis and Trichocereus peruvianus, it´s sometimes not easy to draw a firm line between them.

T_peruvianus_KK242_JLH_via_SS_Trout


This photo shows a fairly typical KK242 from Matucana. The photo comes from K.Trout and his website troutsnotes.com.

And now compare this to this other plant from Matucana:

Trichocereus KK242 Matucana K39_3_jpg

It´s funny…but that one was sold as KK242 from Matucana too. Just to give you an understanding of what is actually out there.

 

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Trichocereus scopulicola

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

 

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BK10508.7 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora , Cochabamba, Bolivia

BK10508.7 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora , Cochabamba, Bolivia 

Trichocereus riomizquensis BK10508.7 is a very cool Plant! that is obviously related to Trichocereus bridgesii.

Trichocereus riomizquensis is probably partially synonymous with Trichocereus bridgesii or belongs to Trichocereus bridgesii in a wider sense. The latter is not very surprising because both are from Bolivia and grow very close to each other.

Ritter gave CHYLLAS near the Rio Mizque in the province Campero as the type locality of Trichocereus riomizquensus, growing on rocky slopes.

Ritter assigned the FR/Winter seed code (after the name of his sister, who ran his seed business) FR856. After all these years, there are only very few plants of Ritter´s FR856 left which still have their original label intact and if thereanybody out there who grows a plant labeled Trichocereus riomizquensis FR856, please let me know and I will add them to the database! There were also seeds given away in the Sacred Succulents Field Trips and I´d love to see photos of the offspring as well.

BK10508.7 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora , Cochabamba, Bolivia

BK10508.7 Trichocereus riomizquensis, Totora , Cochabamba, Bolivia 2

Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 – Sacredsucculents.com

If you are interested in Trichocereus riomizquensis, it can´t get any better than seeing the species in field expert Martin Cardenas´garden in Chochabamba. This plant is very unique, but also shows a close connection to Trichocereus bridgesii. I am sure if I was to take a look at the flowers now, I would see a flower that is extremely close to the flower of Trichocereus bridgesii. Buds, flowers and fruit bear white hairs, which can also be see on the notorious PC clone in the United States (which we suspect might be grown from Ritter´s Trichocereus riomizquensis seeds).

Martin Cardenas Botanical Garden, Cochabamba, Bolivia 2010 - Sacredsucculents.com

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Trichocereus Species from the Sacred Succulents Trips

On this page, I want to show some of the plants that my friends from Sacred Succulents visited during their Field Trips. I had those listed as separate pages, but it made the whole process to look at them a bit complicated. And that´s why I brought some of the species on one page. On this page, you can see some Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Trichocereus bridgesii, Trichocereus peruvianus and others.

BK08519.4 Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Pisac

This plant was visited during the 2008 Sacredsucculents Field Trip. It´s a beautiful Cuzcoensis that partially grows creeping. For some types of Trichocereus cuzcoensis and Trichocereus peruvianus, it´s definitely common that they can lean over and grow hanging down rocky slopes and cliffs. This Trichocereus cuzcoensis from Pisac is relatively typical Cuzcoensis that is not unlike the so well known and widely distributed KK242.

Ben from Sacred Succulents gave away a very limited amount of seeds to people who supported the Sacred Succulenst Field Trips with seed shares and this was one of them.

Photos from Sacred Succulents Field Trips

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BK08521.12 Trichocereus cuzcoenis, Ollantaytambo

This one is another rather typical cuzcoensis, but that shows slight variation to what we usually know. This is a plant that is unlike the typical KK242, but which shows relationship to plants like the amazing cuzcos from the Bolivian Isla Del Sol. Definitely an amazing plant!

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BK08526.4 Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Peru

I will add more Info about this Plant soon. It is a plant that was visited during the Sacred Succulents Field Trips. Picture by Ben Kamm from sacredsucculents.com!

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Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Lamay, Cusco, Peru 2010 copyright B. Kamm

First One from the 2010 Sacred Succulents Field Trip! Trichocereus Cuzcoensis in Lamay, Cusco, Peru. Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

3 Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Lamay, Cusco, Peru 2010 copyright B

BK08526.11 Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Raqchi

I will add more Info about this Plant soon. It is a plant that was visited during the Sacred Succulents Field Trips. Picture by Ben Kamm from sacredsucculents.com!

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BK08612.9 Trichocereus peruvianus, Sucro, Peru

Trichocereus Pervianus from Sucro! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com!

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Trichocereus Bridgesii Mutant Achuma, above Huachjilla, La Paz, Bolivia 2010

One of the coolest Plants I ever saw! A mutated Trichocereus Bridgesii growing above Huachjilla, La Paz, Bolivia. Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com

103 mutant Achuma, above Huachjilla, La Paz, Bolivia 2010 copyright B

104 mutant Achuma, above Huachjilla,La Paz, Bolivia 2010 copyright B

Trichocereus bridgesii-baby Achuma, above Huachjilla, La Paz, Bolivia

Another very small Baby Bridgesii from La Paz. Taken during the 2010 Sacred Succulents Field Trip! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents

99 Trichocereus bridgesii-baby Achuma, above Huachjilla, La Paz, Bolivia 2010 copyright B

Trichocereus peruvianus, Fortaleza Canyon, Ancash, Peru

A very cool Peruvianus from the FORTALEZA CANYON in Ancash, Peru. Ben Kamm

335 Trichocereus peruvianus, Fortaleza Canyon, Ancash, Peru 2009 Copyright B

336 Trichocereus peruvianus, Fortaleza Canyon, Ancash, Peru 2009 Copyright B

Trichocereus seedling, Sedum, Peperomia, Chavin, Ancash, Peru

Another small Peruvianus Seedling, growing in relationship with Peperomia and Sedum. Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com.

237 Trichocereus seedling, Sedum, Peperomia, Chavin, Ancash, Peru 2009 Copyright B

Trichocereus peruvianus baby, Huariquina. Lima, Peru

Another Pic from the Sacred Succulents 2009 Field Trip! Pic: Ben Kamm, Sacredsucculents.com!

23 Trichocereus peruvianus baby, Huariquina

BK08526.12 Trichocereus cuzcoensis, Raqchi

I will add more Info about this Plant soon. It is a plant that was visited during the Sacred Succulents Field Trips. Picture by Ben Kamm from sacredsucculents.com!

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BK08608.4 Trichocereus bridgesii, El Vergel, La Paz, Bolivia

Another Bridgesii from La Paz, Bolivia. Pic: Ben Kamm, sacredsucculents.com. More text will follow soon.

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Wild Trichocereus peruvianus-pachanoi hybrid, Huariquina. Lima, Peru  

15 Wild Trichocereus peruvianus-pachanoi hybrid, Huariquina

16 Wild Trichocereus peruvianus-pachanoi hybrid, Huariquina

Trichocereus bridgesii, Huachjilla, Bolivia

Another Plant from the 2008 Sacred Succulents Fieldtrip! Trichocereus Bridgesii around Huachjilla, Bolivia.

Unfortunately, there were no seed collected from this amazing plant.

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Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Trichocereus scopulicola

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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SS01 (Trichocereus peruvianus)

SS01 (Trichocereus peruvianus) was brought into cultivation by Sacred Succulents. It is one of their oldest clones, going back many years and the number of hybrids that involves it is really high. It actually is a very blue Trichocereus that would usually be called Tr. peruvianus or Tr. macrogonus outside the SS nursery. The origin of this plant is unknown, but because of Sacred Succulent´s constant work with this clone, it is widely distributed.

Here is an excerpt from the Sacred Succulents description of SS01:

SS01 (Trichocereus peruvianus )

Columnar cactus up to 8´+ tall. Fat blue-green stems up to 6″ in diameter and 2″+ spines. Huge white nocturnal flowers. Can grow very fast; up to several feet a year. Tends to grow prostrate with age. We believe this to be a clone of either Trichocereus macrogonus or Trichocereus peruvianus. Cold hardy to 25° Fahrenheit. 

My personal impression of this plant is that it is one of the plants that were originally sold by Karel Knize. Those were really common at the time this clone showed up and I would not be surprised if it was one of them.

Sacred Succulents used this clone to create many hybrids with this clone. Check out the Sacred Succulents website.

SS01 NR (3)

Trichocereus peruvianus SS01 / Photos: Noah Reams

SS01 NR 3
SS01 NR

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SS02 (Trichocereus bridgesii) SACRED SUCCULENTS

SS02 stands for a certain clone brought into cultivation by Ben Kamm & his nursery Sacred Succulents. It is a relatively short-spined Trichocereus bridgesii that is known to produce some mind-boggling offspring. Most of the hybrids produced with this plants do not look like a standard Bridgesii and due to the fact that Sacred Succulents has been offering them for years, there is a huge number of different Hybrids available.

Here is an excerpt of Sacred Succulent´s description:

Dense candelabra stands to 16´tall. Blue/green frosted stems up to 5″ in diameter with 5 – 7 ribs. Each areole bears 2 – 4 central spines up to 1.5″ long. White nocturnal flowers. The new growth on old stemps is often spineless. A distinct form of Trichocereus bridgesii. Cold hardy to 25° Fahrenheit. 

Photos of Trichocereus bridgesii SS02 by SAB member Nitrogen

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And here are some hybrids that were created with his clone! If you want to some cuttings or seeds, check out the Sacred Succulents website and ask for their seed list.

SS02 x Juul's x T. Peruvianus by Sacred Succulents NR

(SS02 x Tom Juul´s Giant) x Tr. peruvianus / Photo: Noah Reams

(SS02 x pachanoi) x TPM  and TPM x SS02 right Nitro

Two seedling grafts made by SAB member Nitrogen. 
Left: (SS02 x pachanoi) x TPM  Right: TPM x SS02 

Sacred Succulents used this hybrid to produce an endless list of follow-up hybrids. Some of those are:

Check out our main plant database pages for Trichocereus pachanoi aka Echinopsis pachanoi here:

And Trichocereus bridgesii here:

Trichocereus scopulicola

Also check out our Trichocereus Facebook group here:

https://facebook.com/groups/trichocereus

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Trichocereus bridgesii cv. Melty Crest

Trichocereus bridgesii cv. Melty Crest

The Melty Crest Bridgesii (sic) is a clone that goes around since a couple of years and most likely originated from some of the european professional Growers who sow out insane numbers of seed to get a very high number of mutants.

Clones of this one were sold for over 100 Euros, though i also saw some that did not sell for 10-20 Euros, which shows that it sometimes isn´t worth starting a bidding war over a small propagated clone on Ebay.  There are some clones that never come back if you miss the opportunity, but this is not one of them. It´s rare, but it´s out there!

This clone should neither be confused with the Trichocereus Bridgesii Monstrose Type A & Type B nor the Trichocereus bridgesii “Melted Wax”. The latter is a candle-like monstrose that´s available from the American nursery Sacred Succulents!

bridgesii melty crest 2 bridgesii melty crest 3 bridgesii melty crest 4 bridgesii melty crest